Oswego

Oswego
/os wee"goh/, n.
1. a town in NW Oregon. 22,868.
2. a port in W New York, on Lake Ontario. 19,793.

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      port city, seat (1816) of Oswego county, north-central New York, U.S. It lies along Lake Ontario (Ontario, Lake) at the mouth of the Oswego River, 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Syracuse. The name derives from the Iroquoian Indian word osh-we-geh, meaning “pouring-out place” (i.e., a river mouth). It was the site of two forts that were strategically important during the French and British colonial wars. A British and Dutch fur-trading post, founded there in 1722 and fortified (1727) as Fort Oswego, was the western terminus of the water route connecting the Mohawk (Mohawk River) and Hudson (Hudson River) rivers with Lake Ontario. The second fort, Ontario, was built in 1755; it was destroyed by the French in 1756, was rebuilt in 1759, and was ceded to the United States in 1796 by the British, who recaptured it in the War of 1812 (1812, War of). Reconstructed in 1839–44, Fort Ontario is now a New York state historic site and museum.

      Permanent settlement of the site dates from 1796. The opening of the Oswego Canal in 1828 (linking Lake Ontario to the Erie Canal) stimulated Oswego's commercial growth, but by the 1880s railroad competition had practically killed the port and forced the city to industrialize. The easternmost U.S. port on the Great Lakes, Oswego was revived when it became the northern terminus of the New York State Barge Canal system (completed 1917 and now called the New York State Canal System). With the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway (Saint Lawrence River and Seaway) in 1959, Oswego became a world port, handling principally cement, salt, potash, wood pulp, limestone, aluminum ingots, and grains. The city's varied manufactures now include recycled aluminum, corrugated paper, wire, tool and die products, processed foods, wood veneer, and fabricated metal products. Major nuclear power installations at nearby Lycoming make the area an important source of electric-power generation for upstate New York. The State University of New York (New York, State University of (SUNY)) College at Oswego originated in 1861 as a normal (teachers') school. Inc. village, 1828; city, 1848. Pop. (1990) 19,195; (2000) 17,954.

      county, north-central New York state, U.S., bordered by Lake Ontario (Ontario, Lake) to the northwest and the Oswego and Oneida rivers and Oneida Lake to the south. Other waterways include the Salmon and Little Salmon rivers and the New York State Canal System and its constituent Erie (Erie Canal) and Oswego canals. Most of the county consists of lowlands, except for the northeastern corner, which rises into a plateau region. The county is dotted with swamps and stands of oak and hickory trees. State parks are Selkirk Shores and Battle Island.

      When white explorers arrived in the region, it was inhabited by Onondaga and Oneida Indians, tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy. The county was established in 1816, its name derived from an Iroquoian word meaning “pouring-out place” (i.e., a river mouth). Oswego, the county seat, developed as a major port city with the opening of the Oswego Canal (1828), the New York State Barge Canal (1918; now the New York State Canal System), and the St. Lawrence Seaway (Saint Lawrence River and Seaway) (1959). The State University of New York (New York, State University of (SUNY)) at Oswego, which began in 1861 as a teacher-training college, also is there. Fort Ontario (built 1755; rebuilt 1759, 1839) is a state historic site. Other communities include Fulton, Phoenix, Pulaski, and Mexico.

      The main economic activities are manufacturing and retail trade. Area 953 square miles (2,469 square km). Pop. (2000) 122,377; (2007 est.) 121,454.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Oswego — is a word from the Iroquois language, meaning The Outpouring . The word may refer to: Place names In the United States: Oswego, Illinois, a village in Kendall County Oswego, Indiana, an unincorporated place in Kosciusko County Oswego, Kansas, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Oswego — bezeichnet verschiedene Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika: Oswego (Illinois), ein Dorf in Kendall County, Illinois Oswego (Kansas), eine Stadt in Labette County, Kansas Oswego (Montana), ein Dorf in Valley County, Montana Oswego County… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oswego — Oswego, NY U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 17954 Housing Units (2000): 8080 Land area (2000): 7.661669 sq. miles (19.843632 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.574887 sq. miles (9.258915 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.236556 sq. miles (29.102547 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oswego — (spr. Aßuigo), 1) O. River, Fluß im Staate New York (Nordamerika), gebildet durch die Ausflüsse sämmtlicher kleiner Seen im westlichen Theile des Staates, wovon die bedeutendsten die Seneca, Canandaigua u. Oneida Rivers, Cayuga u. Owasco Outlets …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Oswego, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 13326 Housing Units (2000): 4591 Land area (2000): 6.582212 sq. miles (17.047851 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.097275 sq. miles (0.251941 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.679487 sq. miles (17.299792 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oswego, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 2046 Housing Units (2000): 890 Land area (2000): 2.138194 sq. miles (5.537898 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.138194 sq. miles (5.537898 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oswego, NY — U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 17954 Housing Units (2000): 8080 Land area (2000): 7.661669 sq. miles (19.843632 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.574887 sq. miles (9.258915 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.236556 sq. miles (29.102547 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oswego, SC — U.S. Census Designated Place in South Carolina Population (2000): 95 Housing Units (2000): 42 Land area (2000): 1.645335 sq. miles (4.261397 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.645335 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oswego [1] — Oswego (spr. wīgo), Fluß im nordamerikan. Staate New York, entsteht aus dem Seneca und Oneida, ist 36 km lang und mündet bei Oswego, wo seine Fälle bedeutende Triebkraft liefern, in den Ontariosee. Der Oswegokanal, 61 km lang, läuft ihm entlang… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oswego [2] — Oswego (spr. wīgo), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Grafschaft des nordamerikan. Staates New York, Bahnknotenpunkt, an der Mündung des Flusses O. in den Ontariosee, durch den Oswegokanal mit dem Eriesee verbunden, in Dampferverbindung mit Chicago,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oswego — (spr. wihgo), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Neuyork, an der Mündung des Flusses O. in den Ontariosee, durch Kanal mit dem Eriesee verbunden, (1900) 22.199 E.; künstlicher Hafen (Einfuhr) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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