Ostrava

Ostrava
Czech. /aw"strddah vah/, n.
a city in N Moravia, in the NE Czech Republic. 328,000. Formerly, Moravská Ostrava.

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City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 319,293), northeastern Czech Republic, at the confluence of the Opava and Oder rivers near the Moravian Gap.

It was founded с 1267 as a fortified town by Bruno, bishop of Olomouc, to protect the entry to Moravia from the north. Its castle was demolished in 1495. Historic buildings include a 13th-century church.

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      city, northeastern Czech Republic. It lies between the Ostravice and Oder rivers above their confluence at the southern edge of the Upper Silesian coalfield. It was founded about 1267 as a fortified town by Bruno, bishop of Olomouc, to protect the entry to Moravia from the north. Its castle was demolished in 1495. Historic buildings include the 13th-century St. Wenceslas' Church and the Old Town Hall tower (1687). There are several theatres, including a fine opera house; a philharmonic orchestra; and an art gallery.

      Ostrava is surrounded by a rich black-coal basin that has made it a centre of heavy industry, with a long tradition dating from 1830, when the first blast furnace was built at the Vítkovice ironworks. Some of the coal pits extend into the city limits, and their derricks are common features of the skyline.

      The conurbation of Greater Ostrava receives a steady influx of workers, and many housing estates and new towns, such as Poruba and Havířov, have been built there. Most planned development is east of the Ostravice River, in Slezská (“Silesian”) Ostrava. Settlements west of the Ostravice are in Moravská (“Moravian”) Ostrava.

      The population of the region is employed predominantly in mining (at Ostrava, Karviná, Orlová) and in metalworking (at Vítkovice, Kunčice, Třinec). Manufactures also include mining machinery at Opava, railway cars at Studénka, and automobiles at Kopřivnice. The coal mining also supports chemical (ammonia and nitrate fertilizers) and power industries. The Technical University of Mining and Metallurgy of Ostrava (1716) is located there. Pop. (2007 est.) 309,098.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ostrava — Ostrava …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ostrava — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • OSTRAVA — (until 1929 Moravska Ostrava; Ger. Maehrisch Ostrau), city in N. Moravia, Czech Republic; after Prague and Brno the third largest Jewish community in Czechoslovakia between the two world wars. The town was prohibited to Jews in the Middle Ages.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ostrava — es una ciudad situada en la zona noreste de la República Checa, cerca de la confluencia de los ríos Oder y Ostravice. La ciudad es capital de la región de Moravia Silesia (Moravskoslezský kraj). Tiene una población aproximada de 326,303 (1994).… …   Wikipedia Español

  • OSTRAVA — Ville principale de la Moravie du Nord et de la Silésie tchèque, chef lieu de la région de Severomoravský, Ostrava était en 1991 la troisième ville de la République tchèque par l’importance de sa population (327 500 hab.). Née de la révolution… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ostrava — es una ciudad situada en la zona noreste de la República Checa, cerca de la confluencia de los ríos Oder y Ostravice. La ciudad es capital de la región de Severomoravský (Moravia Septentrional). Tiene una población aproximada de 326,303 (1994).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ostrava — [ō̂s′trä vä] city in NE Czech Republic: pop. 327,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Ostrava — Coordinates: 49°50′08″N 18°17′33″E / 49.83556°N 18.2925°E / 49.83556; 18.2925 …   Wikipedia

  • Ostrava — Original name in latin Ostrava Name in other language OSR, Ostraba, Ostrava, Ostrawa, ao si te la wa, awstrafa, e si te la fa, oseuteulaba, osutoravuOstravaa, Острава State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.83465 latitude 18.28204 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ostrava — Sp Òstrava Ap Ostrava L Moravijos Silezijos kr. c., Čekija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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