open-heart surgery

open-heart surgery
/oh"peuhn hahrt"/
surgery performed on the exposed heart while a heart-lung machine pumps and oxygenates the blood and diverts it from the heart.

* * *

Any surgical procedure opening the heart and exposing one or more of its chambers, most often to repair valve disease or correct congenital heart malformations (see congenital heart disease).

Invention of the heart-lung machine (see artificial heart), which allows the heart to be stopped during surgery, made it possible. The first successful open-heart surgery was performed in the U.S. in 1953 by John H. Gibbon, Jr., to close an atrial septal defect.

* * *

 any surgical procedure that requires an incision into the heart, thus exposing one or more of the cardiac chambers, or requires the use of a heart-lung machine (heart–lung machine), a device that allows circulation and oxygenation of the blood to be maintained outside the patient's body. The most-common open-heart procedures are for repair of valvular disease and for correction of congenital heart defects (congenital heart disease), chiefly septal and valve defects. Open-heart surgery has also been used in the treatment of severe coronary artery disease (coronary heart disease).

      The use of a heart-lung machine during open-heart surgery allows the surgeon to access a dry and motionless heart. Until the first such cardiopulmonary bypass devices were developed, most cases of valve disease and congenital defects either were considered inoperable or were corrected by “blind” (closed-heart) procedures. The first successful open-heart procedure using a heart-lung machine was performed by American surgeon John H. Gibbon, Jr., in 1953. Gibbon used the procedure to close an atrial septal defect, a hole in the wall between the two atria (atrium) (upper chambers) of the heart.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Open Heart Surgery — Studio album by Virginwool Released August 8, 2000 Label …   Wikipedia

  • open-heart surgery — ► NOUN ▪ surgery in which the heart is exposed and the blood made to bypass it …   English terms dictionary

  • open-heart surgery — [ō′pənhärt′] n. surgery involving some type of repair directly to the exposed heart or coronary arteries, etc., during which the blood is diverted and circulated and oxygenated by mechanical means …   English World dictionary

  • open-heart surgery — open ,heart surgery noun uncount a medical operation on someone s heart in which their chest is cut open …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • open-heart surgery — n [U] a medical operation in which doctors operate on someone s heart, while a machine keeps the ↑patient s blood flowing …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • open-heart surgery — noun heart surgery in which the rib cage is spread open, the heart is stopped and blood is detoured through a heart lung machine while a heart valve or coronary artery is surgically repaired • Hypernyms: ↑heart surgery • Hyponyms: ↑coronary… …   Useful english dictionary

  • open heart surgery — surgery that involves incision into one or more chambers of the heart, such as for repair or palliation of congenital heart defects, repair or replacement of defective heart valves, or coronary artery bypass …   Medical dictionary

  • open-heart surgery — o′pen heart′ sur gery n. srg surgery performed on the exposed heart with the aid of a heart lung machine • Etymology: 1975–80 …   From formal English to slang

  • open-heart surgery — noun surgery in which the heart is exposed and the blood made to bypass it …   English new terms dictionary

  • open-heart surgery — /oʊpən hat ˈsɜdʒəri/ (say ohpuhn haht serjuhree) noun surgery which requires the heart to be exposed, and circulation to be maintained by artificial means …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”