- North Island
the northernmost principal island of New Zealand. 2,268,393; 44,281 sq. mi. (114,690 sq. km).
* * *The smaller of the country's two principal islands, it is separated from South Island by the Cook Strait. It has an area of 44,702 sq mi (115,777 sq km). A growing majority of the population of New Zealand lives on North Island, concentrated in the cities of Wellington and Auckland.
* * *island, the smaller of the two principal islands of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean, separated from South Island by Cook Strait. It rises to a central mountain range (a continuation of the South Island range), which parallels the east coast and reaches its highest point at the volcanic Mount Ruapehu (Ruapehu, Mount) (9,176 feet [2,797 metres]). Rainfall, heaviest in the winter months, tends to be more evenly distributed than it is on South Island. North Island has the great majority of the national population and is gaining an increasingly larger proportion, concentrated in the vicinity of the major urban areas, Wellington (the national capital) and Auckland. Area 44,872 square miles (116,219 square km). Pop. (2006) 3,120,303.
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