- Northeast Passage
a ship route along the N coast of Europe and Asia, between the North Sea and the Pacific.
* * *Maritime route along the northern coast of Europe and Asia.It lies between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans mainly off northern Siberia. Early explorers included Willem Barents, Olivier Brunel, and Henry Hudson. In 1778 Capt. James Cook saw both sides of the Bering Strait and demonstrated that Asia and North America are two separate continents. The passage was first traversed by Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld in 1878–79. Since the late 1960s it has been kept open in summer by icebreakers.
* * *▪ sea route, EurasiaRussian Severny Morskoy Put,maritime route along the northern coast of the Eurasian landmass, lying mainly off northern Russian Siberia. Early explorers of the area included Willem Barents and Olivier Brunel. Under the auspices of the Russian tsar Peter I the Great, Semyon Dezhnyov probably (1648) and Vitus Bering certainly (1728) sailed northward through the Bering Strait. Captain James Cook (Cook, James), however, was the first to see both sides of the strait (1778) and to demonstrate that Asia and North America are two separate continents. After many attempts the Northeast Passage was first traversed by the Swedish explorer Baron Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld in 1878–79. Since the late 1960s the passage has been kept open in the summer months by icebreakers, aided by aerial observations and radar and sonar.
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