/neuh gal"is/, n.a town in S Arizona. 15,683.
* * *city, seat (1899) of Santa Cruz county, southern Arizona, U.S. A port of entry on the Mexican border, it adjoins Heroica Nogales (Nogales) in Sonora, Mexico. Divided by International Avenue, the two communities are together known as Ambos Nogales (Spanish: “Both Nogales”). The city was founded in 1880 by a San Francisco merchant, Jacob Isaacson and called Isaactown. Isaacson built a trading post there, and two years later the Southern Pacific Railroad laid a track there, making the first rail connection between the United States and Mexico. At that time the city was given the name Nogales for its black walnut (nogal) trees. It was the scene of fighting between Pancho Villa (Villa, Pancho)'s forces and U.S. national guardsmen in 1916 and between town militia of the two communities in 1918. Nearby are the Tumacacori Mission National Monument and the ruins of the first white settlements in Arizona. Border trade has encouraged the growth of maquiladoras (maquiladora) in Ambos Nogales, and international commerce is the city's principal economic activity. Inc. 1893. Pop. (1990) 19,489; (2000) 20,878.▪ Mexicoin full Heroica Nogalescity and port of entry, north-central Sonora estado (state), northern Mexico, contiguous with the city of Nogales, in Santa Cruz county, Ariz. It is an important transportation hub and warehouse centre, especially for agricultural products from the irrigated farmlands of Sonora and Sinaloa destined for U.S. markets, and a commercial centre serving regional livestock and mining operations. Nogales is also a popular shopping and entertainment destination for visitors from southern Arizona. A railroad and a highway leading southeast to Mexico City via Hermosillo, Guaymas, Mazatlán, and Guadalajara begin in Nogales. Pop. (2000) 156,854.
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