nocturne

nocturne
/nok"terrn/, n. Music.
1. a piece appropriate to the night or evening.
2. an instrumental composition of a dreamy or pensive character.
[1860-65; < F nocturne. See NOCTURN]

* * *

Nineteenth-century character piece for piano.

The name was first used с 1812 by the Scottish composer John Field (1782–1837) for works employing a lyrical melody over an accompaniment of broken chords. Frédéric Chopin's romantic nocturnes, similar in style, are the most celebrated.

* * *

music
      (French: “Nocturnal”), in music, a composition inspired by, or evocative of, the night, and cultivated in the 19th century primarily as a character piece for piano. The form originated with the Irish composer John Field (Field, John), who published the first set of nocturnes in 1814, and reached its zenith in the 19 examples of Frédéric Chopin. In Germany the nocturne, or Nachtstück, attracted composers from Robert Schumann to Paul Hindemith (Suite for Piano, 1922). At the turn of the century Claude Debussy (Debussy, Claude) most successfully transferred the genre to the orchestra with his three brilliant pieces so entitled. Later in the 20th century Béla Bartók (Bartók, Béla) developed a very personal night-music style of distinctly macabre quality, for example, in Out of Doors (fourth movement) and in the Fourth String Quartet (third movement).

      The late 18th-century Italian notturno, a collection of lightweight pieces for chamber ensemble, bore little relation to the lyrical 19th-century nocturne. Like the serenades and cassations of Haydn and Mozart, however, it was intended, at least originally, for nocturnal, usually outdoor, performance.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nocturne — [ nɔktyrn ] adj. et n. m. et f. • 1355; lat. nocturnus I ♦ Adj. 1 ♦ Qui est propre à la nuit. ♢ Qui a lieu pendant la nuit. « entrevues, rendez vous nocturnes » (Laclos). Tapage nocturne. Terreurs nocturnes. Pollutions nocturnes. 2 ♦ Qui veille,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nocturne — bezeichnet: Nocturne (Musik), eine musikalische Form eine von dem Maler James McNeill Whistler um 1870 entwickelte Stilrichtung der Darstellung nächtlicher Landschaften, siehe Tonalismus (Malerei) Nocturne in Schwarz und Gold: Die fallende Rakete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nocturne — puede referrirse a: Música Nocturne (banda), una banda de metal/industrial de Dallas, Texas, Estados Unidos. Nocturne, un doble disco en directo de Siouxsie and the Banshees, lanzado en 1983. Charlie Haden de 2002. Nocturne, álbum debut de The… …   Wikipedia Español

  • nocturne — (n.) 1862, composition of a dreamy character, from Fr. nocturne, lit. composition appropriate to the night, noun use of O.Fr. nocturne nocturnal, from L. nocturnus (see NOCTURNAL (Cf. nocturnal)). Said to have been coined c.1814 by John Field,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Nocturne — Noc*turne , n. [F. See {Nocturn}.] (Mus.) A night piece, or serenade. The name is now used for a certain graceful and expressive form of instrumental composition, as the nocturne for orchestra in Mendelsohn s Midsummer Night s Dream music. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nocturne — (franz., spr. noktürn), s. Notturno …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nocturne —    Film policier d Edwin L. Marin, avec George Raft, Lynn Bari, Virginia Huston, Joseph Pevney, Myrna Dell, Edward Ashley.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1946   Durée: 1 h 27    Résumé    Après la mort d un compositeur, un inspecteur qui ne …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • nocturne — vision, Visus nocturni …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • nocturne — ► NOUN 1) Music a short composition of a romantic nature. 2) Art a picture of a night scene. ORIGIN French …   English terms dictionary

  • nocturne — [näk′tʉrn΄] n. [Fr < L nocturnus: see NOCTURNAL] 1. a painting of a night scene 2. a musical composition, esp. for the piano, of a romantic or dreamy character thought appropriate to night …   English World dictionary

  • Nocturne — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Nocturne », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Nocturne signifie « qui vit la… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”