/nee"ee gah"tah/, n.
a seaport on NW Honshu, in central Japan. 457,783.

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      capital of Niigata ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. Niigata lies on the coastal edge of the Echigo Plain at the mouth of the Shinano River. It was an important rice port in feudal times and has continued as the country's leading port along the Sea of Japan, carrying on trade with South Korea and Russia. Coal and raw material imports predominate. Niigata is also an industrial city that produces chemicals, cotton textiles, metals, machinery, paper, and ships. Local deposits of natural gas and available hydroelectricity have attracted many large factories. A severe earthquake struck the city and surrounding area in June 1964, causing extensive loss of life and property damage. Pop. (2005) 813,847.

      ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Sea of Japan and includes the offshore islands of Sado and Awa. Silt deposited by the Shinano (Shinano River) and Ara rivers in the central part of the long coastline has created the lowland called the Echigo Plain, which contains the majority of the population. The rest of the prefecture is mountainous except for small southern coastal plains and lowlands along other river courses. Niigata is one of Japan's largest rice producers, providing major surpluses for shipment to city markets. Plentiful hydroelectric power generated in the interior mountains has stimulated industrial growth (chemicals, metals, machinery) in such cities as Niigata, Kashiwazaki, Naoetsu, Sanjō, and Takada. The prefecture also produces petroleum (Nagaoka, Kashiwazaki) and natural gas. Niigata is the prefectural capital and largest city. Area 4,857 square miles (12,579 square km). Pop. (1993 est.) 2,478,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Niigata — (»Neuhaff«), Hauptstadt der japan. Provinz Echigo auf Nippon, am Ausfluß des Schinanogawa ins Japanische Meer, von ihm durch Sanddünen getrennt, hat heiße Sommer und kalte Winter mit starkem Schneefall, bedeutende Lackwarenindustrie, Reisausfuhr… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Niigata — Niigata, Hauptstadt des japan. Ken N. und der ehemal. Prov. Etshigo im NW. von Nippon, am Shinano, (1903) 59.576 E.; Hafen, seit 1860 den Europäern geöffnet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Niigata — [nē′ē gä′tä] seaport in N Honshu, Japan, on the Sea of Japan: pop. 479,000 …   English World dictionary

  • niigata — |nēē|gäd.ə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Niigata, Japan : of or from the city of Niigata, Japan : of the kind or style prevalent in Niigata …   Useful english dictionary

  • Niigata — noun a capital city of Niigata prefecture, Japan …   Wiktionary

  • Niigata — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Niigata Country and Admin Code JP.29 JP …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

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