Newport News

Newport News
/nooh"pawrt', -pohrt', -peuhrt, nyooh"-/
a seaport in SE Virginia: shipbuilding and ship-repair center. 144,903.

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City (pop., 2000: 180,150) and port of entry, southeastern Virginia, U.S., at the mouth of the James River.

The site was settled in 1621 by 50 colonists from Ireland. It was incorporated as a city in 1896 and was an important embarkation point in both World Wars. With Norfolk and Portsmouth, it constitutes the Port of Hampton Roads. It is the site of one of the largest shipyards in the world, producing luxury liners, aircraft carriers, and nuclear-powered submarines.

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      independent city and port of entry, southeastern Virginia, U.S. It lies on the north side of Hampton Roads (harbour) and the mouth of the James River. With Portsmouth, Hampton, and Norfolk, it constitutes the Port of Hampton Roads. The site was settled by Daniel Gookin (1621), who brought 50 colonists from Ireland. The origin of the place-name is obscure but is traditionally associated with Captain Christopher Newport, commander of five expeditions to Jamestown during 1606–12, and Sir William Newce, who arrived from Ireland in 1621.

      Development began after 1870, when the site was chosen as a coal-shipping port for the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company). It was laid out in 1882, and by 1886 its prosperity was assured when the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company was founded there. One of the largest and most complete shipyards (shipyard) in the world, it has produced the luxury liners America and United States, the aircraft carriers Forrestal and Enterprise, and nuclear-powered submarines designed for firing guided missiles. Newport News was also an important supply and embarkation port in both world wars.

      In 1952 the city was made independent of Warwick county, in which it was located. That same year Warwick county was incorporated as the city of Warwick, and in 1958 Newport News and Warwick merged as the city of Newport News.

      In addition to its port facilities, which can handle huge tonnages of coal, ore, bulk liquids, and general cargo, Newport News has diversified manufactures (textiles, paper, aeronautical and electronic equipment, and petroleum products). The city's Mariners' Museum (1930) has collections of ship models and a library. Also in Newport News are the Virginia War Museum, with exhibits from a Nazi concentration camp and the Berlin Wall; the Virginia Living Museum, with an aquarium and a planetarium; and Christopher Newport University (1960). Inc. 1896. Pop. (1990) city, 170,045; Norfolk–Virginia Beach–Newport News MSA, 1,443,244; (2000) city, 180,150; Norfolk–Virginia Beach–Newport News MSA, 1,569,541.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Newport News — Newport News …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Newport News — Newport News, VA U.S. city in Virginia Population (2000): 180150 Housing Units (2000): 74117 Land area (2000): 68.294155 sq. miles (176.881042 sq. km) Water area (2000): 50.756439 sq. miles (131.458568 sq. km) Total area (2000): 119.050594 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Newport News, VA — U.S. city in Virginia Population (2000): 180150 Housing Units (2000): 74117 Land area (2000): 68.294155 sq. miles (176.881042 sq. km) Water area (2000): 50.756439 sq. miles (131.458568 sq. km) Total area (2000): 119.050594 sq. miles (308.339610… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Newport News —   [ njuːpɔːt njuːz], Hafenstadt in Virginia, USA, verkehrsgünstig an der Spitze der Landzunge zwischen Hampton Roads und Chesapeakebai, 170 000 Einwohner; Marinemuseum; Werften, Fischkonserven , Textil und Elektronikindustrie.   Geschichte:  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Newport News — (spr. njūpōrt njūs), Stadt im nordamerikan. Staat Virginia, auf der Landspitze nördlich von der Jamesmündung und an den Hampton Roads, mit gut zugänglichem Hafen, großen Kornelevatoren, Kohlenspeichern, Schiffswerften (185m langes Trockendock),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newport News — (spr. njúhpohrt njuhs), Hafenstadt im nordamerik. Staate Virginia, (1900) 19.635 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newport News — [orig. obscure] seaport in SE Va., on the James River at Hampton Roads: pop. 180,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Newport News — Авианосец CVN 70 «Карл Винсон» в процессе реконструкции на верфи Newport News Верфь …   Википедия

  • Newport News — City of Newport News Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Newport News — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. La ville de Newport News en Virginie. Le sous marin USS Newport News de l US Navy. Le chantier naval Northrop Grumman de Newport News, aux États Unis.… …   Wikipédia en Français

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