New Castle

New Castle
1. a city in W Pennsylvania. 33,621.
2. a city in E Indiana. 20,056.

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      city, New Castle county, northern Delaware, U.S. It is just south of Wilmington on the Delaware River, there linked to New Jersey by the twin spans of the Delaware Memorial Bridge. The original settlement, called Santhoeck, was established in 1651, when Peter Stuyvesant (Stuyvesant, Peter), the Dutch administrator, built Fort Casimir there. The settlement was seized by the Swedes in 1654 but was regained by the Dutch in 1655. It was named New Amstel and was made the Dutch capital of the southern Delaware region, but it was renamed in 1664 (probably for William Cavendish (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, William Cavendish, 1st Duke of), earl and, from 1665, 1st duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne), after its capture by the British that year. William Penn (Penn, William), the English Quaker, took possession of it in 1682. An early cultural centre, New Castle was the seat of the Lower Counties-on-Delaware (1704–76). On September 21, 1776, a convention of counties meeting there proclaimed a constitution and formed the state of Delaware; New Castle served briefly as state capital until it was moved to Dover in 1777. Three signers of the Declaration of Independence (George Read, George Ross, and Thomas McKean) at one time lived in New Castle.

      The Immanuel Church (Episcopal; 1703, rebuilt after it burned in 1980) is a historic landmark. Other colonial landmarks include Amstel House Museum (c. 1730); Old Dutch House, perhaps the state's oldest dwelling, built in the late 1600s and now maintained as a museum; the New Castle Court House (1732, restored to its 1804 appearance); and the Green (town square), laid out by Stuyvesant in 1655. Wilmington College was opened in 1968 in New Castle. The city has light industries. Inc. 1875. Pop. (1990) 4,837; (2000) 4,862.

      city, seat (1821) of Henry county, eastern Indiana, U.S. It lies along the Blue River, 50 miles (80 km) east of Indianapolis. Founded in 1820 and named by Ezekiel Leavell for his hometown in Kentucky, it was incorporated in 1839. In 1900 a decade of expansion began when automobile and piano manufacturing, as well as other industries, were started there. During this same period, the large-scale commercial growing of roses was developed. New Castle's diversified manufactures now include automobile parts and steel products. The city is the site of the Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame and a branch of Indiana University East. Summit Lake State Park is 10 miles (16 km) northeast of the city. A nearby farm, now a state memorial, was the birthplace (1867) of aviation pioneer Wilbur Wright. Pop. (2000) 17,780; (2005 est.) 18,718.

      city, seat (1849) of Lawrence county, western Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies at the juncture of the Shenango and Mahoning rivers and Neshannock Creek and in the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains, 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Youngstown, Ohio. Originally the site of a Delaware Indian capital, it was settled in about 1798 by John Stewart, who built an iron furnace and named the place for the English industrial city of Newcastle upon Tyne. Laid out in 1802, it became the terminus for the Erie Extension Canal (Erie Canal) in 1833. Local deposits of coal, iron ore, limestone, and fire clay provided a natural base for industry. The city's manufactures include steel and allied products, plastics, pottery, and fireworks. Moraine State Park and McConnell's Mill State Park are nearby. Inc. borough, 1825; city, 1869. Pop. (1990) 28,334; (2000) 26,309.

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  • New Castle — New Castle, DE U.S. city in Delaware Population (2000): 4862 Housing Units (2000): 2199 Land area (2000): 3.049126 sq. miles (7.897201 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.121995 sq. miles (0.315966 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.171121 sq. miles (8.213167 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in Kanada: New Castle (Ontario) in den Vereinigten Staaten: New Castle (Alabama) New Castle (Colorado) New Castle (Delaware) New Castle (Indiana) New Castle (Kentucky) New Castle (New Hampshire) New Castle (New York)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • New Castle, CO — U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 1984 Housing Units (2000): 731 Land area (2000): 2.332485 sq. miles (6.041108 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.027109 sq. miles (0.070212 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.359594 sq. miles (6.111320 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle, DE — U.S. city in Delaware Population (2000): 4862 Housing Units (2000): 2199 Land area (2000): 3.049126 sq. miles (7.897201 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.121995 sq. miles (0.315966 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.171121 sq. miles (8.213167 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle, IN — U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 17780 Housing Units (2000): 8042 Land area (2000): 5.951453 sq. miles (15.414193 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.951453 sq. miles (15.414193 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 919 Housing Units (2000): 409 Land area (2000): 0.444601 sq. miles (1.151511 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.444601 sq. miles (1.151511 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 26309 Housing Units (2000): 11709 Land area (2000): 8.536467 sq. miles (22.109346 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.044623 sq. miles (0.115572 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.581090 sq. miles (22.224918 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle, VA — U.S. town in Virginia Population (2000): 179 Housing Units (2000): 93 Land area (2000): 0.161991 sq. miles (0.419555 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.161991 sq. miles (0.419555 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • New Castle — Newcastle Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Personnalités 2 Toponymes 2.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • New Castle — 1 Original name in latin New Castle Name in other language Nju Kasl, niu ka si er, nyukaeseul, nyukyassuru, Њу Касл State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 39.66206 latitude 75.56631 altitude 3 Population 5285 Date 2011 05 14 2… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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