/nes"teuhr, -tawr/, n. Class. Myth.
the oldest and wisest of the Greeks in the Trojan War and a king of Pylos.

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In Greek legend, the king of Pylos in Elis.

All his brothers were killed by Heracles, but Nestor survived. In Homer's Iliad he appeared as an elder statesman who entertained the warriors with tales of his youthful exploits. He brought 90 ships to aid the Greeks in their war against Troy. When, at the war's end, the Greeks sailed for home, Nestor went in a different direction and missed the storm Athena sent to disperse their ships. In the Odyssey Telemachus, son of Odysseus, came to Elis looking for his father, and Nestor entertained him.

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      in Greek legend, son of Neleus, king of Pylos (Navarino) in Elis, and of Chloris. All of his brothers were slain by the Greek hero Heracles, but Nestor escaped. In the Iliad he is about 70 years old and sage and pious; his role is largely to incite the warriors to battle and to tell stories of his early exploits, which contrast with his listeners' experiences, shown to be soft and easy in comparison with his own. In the Odyssey he tells Telemachus about the sufferings and trials he and others endured during the Trojan War.

▪ Russian monk
born c. 1056, Kiev [now in Ukraine]
died Oct. 27, 1113, Kiev

      a monk in Kievan Rus of the Monastery of the Caves in Kiev (from about 1074), author of several works of hagiography and an important historical chronicle.

      Nestor wrote the lives of Saints Boris and Gleb, the sons of St. Vladimir of Rus, who were murdered in 1015, and the life of St. Theodosius, abbot of the Monastery of the Caves (d. 1074). A tradition that was first recorded in the 13th century ascribes to him the authorship of the Povest vremennykh let (“Tale of Bygone Years”; The Russian Primary Chronicle (Russian Primary Chronicle, The)), the most important historical work of early medieval Rus. Modern scholarship, however, regards the chronicle as a composite work, written and revised in several stages, and inclines to the view that the basic (though not final) version of the document was compiled by Nestor about 1113. The chronicle, extant in several medieval manuscripts, the earliest dated 1377, was compiled in Kiev. It relates in detail the earliest history of the eastern Slavs down to the second decade of the 12th century. Emphasis is laid on the foundation of the Kievan state—ascribed to the advent of Varangians (a tribe of Norsemen) in the second half of the 9th century, the subsequent wars and treaties between Rus and Byzantium, the conversion of Rus to Christianity about 988, the cultural achievements of the reign of Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev (1019–54), and the wars against the Turkic nomads of the steppe.

      Written partly in Old Church Slavonic (Old Church Slavonic language), partly in the Old Russian language based on the spoken vernacular, The Russian Primary Chronicle includes material from translated Byzantine chronicles, west and south Slavonic literary sources, official documents, and oral sagas. This borrowed material is woven with considerable skill into the historical narrative, which is enlivened by vivid description, humour, and a sense of the dramatic.

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  • Nestor — (v. griechisch Νέστωρ ‚der Fastende‘) bezeichnet: Nestor (Mythologie), einen Helden aus der griechischen Mythologie Nestor (Wissenschaft), Ehrenbezeichnung Nestor (Archivierungsnetzwerk), ein Kompetenznetzwerk zur Langzeitarchivierung digitaler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • NESTOR — Fils de Nélée et de Chloris seule rescapée du massacre des douze enfants de Niobé , Nestor est lui même l’unique survivant de douze fils de Nélée, Héraclès ayant châtié les onze autres pour avoir pris le parti de leur père dans sa rébellion… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Néstor — puede referirse a: Néstor, nombre de pila en español. Néstor Almendros, director de fotografía español. Néstor de la Torre, artista y pintor español. Néstor el Cronista , historiador de los pueblos eslavos orientales. Néstor Raúl Gorosito,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • nestor — NÉSTOR s.m. (Liv.) Bătrân înţelept, dotat cu prudenţă şi cu experienţă. [cf. Nestor – bătrân înţelept care a asistat la asediul Troiei]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 22.06.2005. Sursa: DN  NÉSTOR s. m. bătrân înţelept, înzestrat cu prudenţă şi cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Nestor — Nȅstor m DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. mit. pilski kralj, sin Nelejev, najstariji i najmudriji savjetodavac Agamemnonove vojske u pohodu na Troju 3. (nestor) ekspr. a. pren. mudar, častan starac b. najstariji i najčasniji član nekog društva ili neke… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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  • Nestor — NESTOR, ŏris, Gr. Νέστωρ, ορος. (⇒ Tab. XXV.) 1 §. Aeltern und Auferziehung. Sein Vater war Neleus, König zu Pylos, seine Mutter aber Chloris, Amphions, Königs zu Theben, Tochter. Apollod. l. I. c. 9. §. 9. Er wurde aber nicht zu Pylos, sondern… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • nestor — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mos I, Mc. nestororze; lm M. nestororzy {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} najstarszy człowiek jakiegoś stowarzyszenia, jakiejś zbiorowości, o wzbudzającej szacunek wiedzy i doświadczeniu : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Nestor polskiej sceny.… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

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