nephritic /neuh frit"ik/, adj.
/neuh fruy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of the kidneys, esp. in Bright's disease.
[1570-80; < LL nephritis a disease of the kidneys < Gk nephrîtis. See NEPHR-, -ITIS]

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Inflammation of the kidneys.

There are numerous kinds, involving different kidney tissues. The most common type is Bright disease. Symptoms vary with the type of nephritis; severe cases can result in kidney failure. Causes include infection, allergy or autoimmune disease, blockage in the urinary system, and hereditary diseases. Treatment addresses the cause where possible.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Nephritis — Classification and external resources MeSH D009393 Nephritis is inflammation of the nephrons in the kidneys. The word nephritis was imported from Latin, which took it from Greek: νεφρίτιδα …   Wikipedia

  • nephritis — (n.) 1570s, from L.L. nephritis, from Gk. nephritis disease of the kidneys, from nephros kidney (see NEPHRON (Cf. nephron)) + ITIS (Cf. itis) inflammation. Related: Nephritic …   Etymology dictionary

  • Nephrītis — Nephrītis, Nierenentzündung. Nephritis vertebra, der erste der Lendenwirbel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • nephritis — [nə frīt′əs] n. [LL < Gr nephritis: see NEPHRO & ITIS] an acute or chronic disease of the kidneys, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, fibrosis, etc.: see BRIGHT S DISEASE …   English World dictionary

  • Nephritis — Ne*phri tis, n. [L., fr. Gr. nefri^tis (sc. ?), fr. nefro s a kidney.] (Med.) An inflammation of the kidneys. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nephrītis — (griech.), Nierenentzündung (s. Nierenkrankheiten); nephritisch, die Nieren betreffend …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nephritis — Nephrītis (grch.), Nierenentzündung; nephrītisch, die Nieren betreffend, nierenkrank; Nephrophthīsis, Nierenschwund, Nierentuberkulose; Nephropyelītis, Nierenbeckenentzündung; Nephropyōse, Niereneiterung; Nephrorrhagīe, Nierenblutung;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • nephritis — ► NOUN ▪ inflammation of the kidneys. ORIGIN from Greek nephros kidney …   English terms dictionary

  • Nephritis — Die Nephritis (griechisch Nephros=Niere) ist ein Sammelbegriff für die akuten oder chronischen entzündlichen Erkrankungen der Niere. Darunter fallen folgende Erkrankungen: Glomerulonephritis Interstitielle Nephritis Pyelonephritis: Erkrankung des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nephritis — ne•phri•tis [[t]nəˈfraɪ tɪs[/t]] n. pat inflammation of the kidneys, esp. in Bright s disease • Etymology: 1570–80; < LL nephrītis kidney disease < Gk nephrîtis. See nephro , itis ne•phrit′ic ˈfrɪt ɪk adj …   From formal English to slang

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