/nay"toh/, n.
an organization formed in Washington, D.C. (1949), comprising the 12 nations of the Atlantic Pact together with Greece, Turkey, and the Federal Republic of Germany, for the purpose of collective defense against aggression.
[N(orth) A(tlantic) T(reaty) O(rganization)]

* * *

International military alliance created to defend western Europe against a possible Soviet invasion.

A 1948 collective-defense alliance between Britain, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg was recognized as inadequate to deter Soviet aggression, and in 1949 the U.S. and Canada agreed to join their European allies in an enlarged alliance. A centralized administrative structure was set up, and three major commands were established, focused on Europe, the Atlantic, and the English Channel (disbanded in 1994). The admission of West Germany in 1955 led to the Soviet Union's creation of the opposing Warsaw Treaty Organization, or Warsaw Pact. France withdrew from military participation in 1966. Since NATO ground forces were smaller than those of the Warsaw Pact, the balance of power was maintained by superior weaponry, including intermediate-range nuclear weapons. After the Warsaw Pact's dissolution and the end of the Cold War in 1991, NATO withdrew its nuclear weapons and attempted to transform its mission. It involved itself in the Balkan conflicts of the 1990s. Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty stated that an attack on one signatory would be regarded as an attack on the rest. This article was first invoked in 2001 in response to the terrorist September 11 attacks against the U.S. Additional countries joined NATO in 1999 and 2004 to bring the number of full members to 26.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nato — Nato …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Nato.0+55+3d — A typical NATO patch. Original author(s) 0f0003 Maschinenkunst …   Wikipedia

  • .nato — war eine generische Top Level Domain (gTLD), die von den späten 1980er Jahren bis zum Juli 1996 existierte. Diese Domain war ursprünglich vorgesehen für die Benutzung durch die NATO, als Gegenstück zur rein US amerikanischen .mil Domain. Nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • .nato — Introduced Late 1980s TLD type Specific organization domain Status Discontinued Sponsor formerly NATO Intended use NATO sites and operations The domain name nato was a top level domain in the …   Wikipedia

  • .nato — Début Fin des années 1980 Type Organisation avec un nom de domaine spécifique État Inutilisé Registre NIC Parrainé par OTAN Destiné à Sites et opérations de l’OTAN Utilisation …   Wikipédia en Français

  • .nato — Creado en fines de los 1980s Tipo de TLD Dominio de nivel superior geográfico Estado Discontinuo Uso actual No se utiliza Restricciones de registro Ninguna restricción Estructura Inutilizado Política de disputas Sitio web …   Wikipedia Español

  • NATO TV — теле интернет канал НАТО. Целью канала является улучшение имиджа Североатлантического альянса в обществе. Канал открылся во время саммита НАТО в Бухаресте 2 4 апреля 2008 года. Сейчас NATO TV  интернет канал, доступный пользователям на сайте …   Википедия

  • .nato — Введение Конец 1980 х Тип домена общий домен верхнего уровня Статус удалённый Регистратор InterNIC Организатор НАТО Назначение …   Википедия

  • nato — nàtō (način pisanja uz: na to) pril. DEFINICIJA 1. uz ono što je rečeno, viđeno, doživljeno ili spomenuto najavljuje radnju, nove podatke itd. [Saznao je sve. nato je poludio (poludio je nato)] 2. (u opisnom dijalogu) [Dobro došli! Bolje vas… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • NATO — [ˈneıtəu US tou] n North Atlantic Treaty Organization a group of countries including the US and several European countries, which give military help to each other ▪ our allies in NATO ▪ a NATO country …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • NATO — [ naːto] ↑Nato …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”