/nahn"dee/, n.
a town on W Viti Levu, in the Fiji Islands: airport.
/nahn"dee/ n. Hinduism.
the bull companion of Shiva.
/nahn"dee/, n., pl. Nandis, (esp. collectively) Nandi for 1.
1. a member of an agricultural people of southwestern Kenya.
2. the Nilotic language spoken by the Nandi.

* * *

▪ Hindu mythology
      bull vāhana (mount) of the Hindu god Śiva. Some scholars suggest that the bull was originally the zoomorphic form of Śiva, but from the Kuṣāṇa (Kushan) age onward (c. 1st century AD), he is identified as the god's vehicle.

      Every Śiva temple has the figure of a white, humped bull reclining on a raised platform and facing the entrance door of the shrine so that, according to tradition, he may perpetually gaze on the lord in his symbolic form, the liṅga (phallus). Nandi is considered to be one of Śiva's chief attendants and occasionally is depicted in sculpture as a bull-faced dwarf figure. Nandi is known also in a wholly anthropomorphic form, called variously Nandikēśvara, or Adhikāranandin. Sculptures of him in human form, found at the entrance door of many Śiva temples in South India, are frequently confused with images of the deity because they are alike in such iconographic features as the third eye, crescent moon in the matted locks, and four arms, two of which hold the battle-ax and an antelope. Usually a distinguishing feature is that Nandi's hands are pressed together in adoration. The respect shown the bull in modern India is due to his association with Śiva. In sacred Hindu cities such as Benares (Vārānasi), certain bulls are given the freedom to roam the streets. They are considered to belong to the lord, and they are branded on the flank with the trident insignia of Śiva.

      Kalenjin-speaking people who inhabit the western part of the highlands of Kenya. Their dialect of Kalenjin is classified in the Nilotic (Nilotic languages) branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family; they are distinct from the Nandi of Congo (Kinshasa) (Congo), whose language is classified as Niger-Congo (Niger-Congo languages).

      The Nandi of Kenya are primarily intensive cultivators; their major crops are millet, corn (maize), and sweet potatoes (yams). Cattle serve many functions, providing food and bride-price payments and holding great ritual significance.

      The people are divided among 17 patrilineal and exogamous clans dispersed throughout Nandi territory. The most important traditional social groups are the age sets (age set), to one of which every male belongs from birth. The Nandi age grade system is of the cyclical type, with seven named grades covering approximately 15 years each, a single full cycle being 105 years. Men advance through the warrior grades and, upon entering the grade of elder, hold political and judicial authority. No political authority transcends this local council of elders.

      General polygyny is the rule, with substantial bride-price in livestock expected. Nandi society was traditionally egalitarian.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nandi — may refer to: Nandi (bull), the white bull on which Lord Siva rides Nandi Awards, Film awards given to Tollywood personalities and films Nandi people, an ethnic group from Africa Nandi languages Nandi (mother of Shaka) (1760–1827), daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Nandi — Père Kashyapa Mère Surabhî Monture Shiva …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nandi —    Nandi is the divine white bull who is the vehicle of SHIVA. He is the son of Kashyapa, a well known RISHI (sage), and Surabhi (the wish giving cow). In his form as Nandikeshvara, represented as a human with a bull’s head, he is believed to be… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Nandi — Nandi(n), et væsen i Civa s følge, særlig hans tyr, inkarneret som Basava. Han repræsenteres af en mængde frigivne tyre, som sværmer omkring Civa templerne, og af en pyntet tyr, som omvandrende jangama er i Nordindien fører omkring med sig …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Nandi — Das Wort Nandi bezeichnet eine Ethnie in Kenia, siehe Nandi (Volk) Nandi Expedition, den gegen das Volk gerichtete Ausrottungsfeldzug 1905/6 ein Distrikt in Kenia, siehe Nandi District eine Hügellandschaft in Kenia, siehe Nandi Hills (Kenia) eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nāndi — Main article: Ismaili Part of a series on Shī‘ah Islam …   Wikipedia

  • Nandi — Una escultura de Nandi en Mysore, Karnataka Nandi es el toro que Shiva monta y el portero de Shiva y Parvati en la mitología hindú. Los templos que veneran a Shiva y Parvati muestran imágenes de piedra de de un Nandi sentado, generalmente mirando …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nandi — Nạndi,   nilotisches Volk in Kenia, nordöstlich des Victoriasees. Die etwa 600 000 Nandi sind kulturell stark von den Masai beeinflusst. Lebensgrundlage ist die Rinderhaltung (mit zahlreichen Riten und Tabus), daneben etwas Feldbau (Hirse, Mais) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • nandi — I. ˈnänˌdē noun (plural nandi) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : a pastoral people on the Uganda Kenya frontier b. : a member of such people 2. : a Nilotic language of the Nandi people called al …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nandi — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Nandi Country and Admin Code KE.40 KE …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”