Monterey

Monterey
/mon'teuh ray"/, n.
1. a city in W California, on Monterey Bay: the capital of California until 1847. 27,558.

* * *

      city, Monterey county, California, U.S. It lies on a peninsula at the southern end of Monterey Bay, about 85 miles (135 km) south of San Francisco. The area was originally inhabited by Costanoan Indians, and in 1542 it was first seen by the Spanish explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo (Cabrillo, Juan Rodríguez). In 1602 Sebastián Vizcaíno named the area in honour of the count de Monte Rey, viceroy of New Spain (Mexico). In 1770 Gaspar de Portolá (Portolá, Gaspar de) established a presidio (military post) at the site, and Junípero Serra (Serra, Junípero, Blessed) founded the Mission San Carlos Borroméo (moved to Carmel in 1771). Named the capital of Alta California in 1775, Monterey was fortified and became a port of entry and centre of Spanish culture. Under Mexico, Monterey remained the capital of a vast area that included all of present-day California and the American Southwest. In 1846 Commodore John Drake Sloat claimed the area for the United States and raised the American flag over the town's presidio during the Mexican War (Mexican-American War). The first constitutional convention in California met at Colton Hall in 1849. Monterey served as county seat of Monterey county until 1873, when the seat was moved to nearby Salinas.

      Monterey was once a leading fishing and whaling port, but its economic mainstay is now tourism. The offshore Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (established 1992) protects an abyss deeper than the Grand Canyon and its myriad denizens, which include more than 30 species of mammals, more than 300 species of fish, and nearly 100 species of birds; many tourists visit the sanctuary to watch migratory whales. The U.S. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center is located in the old presidio, and the city is home to the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School (moved from Annapolis, Maryland, in 1952). It is also the seat of a junior college (1947) and the Monterey Institute of International Studies (1955). Monterey State Historic Park preserves a number of buildings, including the Old Custom House (1827) and California's first theatre (1844). Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey Maritime Museum, and Monterey Museum of Art are also notable attractions. The city formed the background for several of John Steinbeck (Steinbeck, John)'s novels, among them Tortilla Flat (1935) and Cannery Row (1945); the National Steinbeck Center is located in Salinas. The historic Monterey Jazz Festival is held each September. Inc. 1889. Pop. (1990) 31,954; (2000) 29,674.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monterey — (span. „Berg des Königs“) bezeichnet: Monterey Jazz Festival, das älteste bestehende, alljährlich stattfindende Jazz Festival weltweit Monterey Pop Festival, ein Musikfestival auf dem Monterey County Fairground in Kalifornien (1967) Monterey Bay… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monterey — Monterey, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 29674 Housing Units (2000): 13382 Land area (2000): 8.437655 sq. miles (21.853426 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.293604 sq. miles (8.530394 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.731259 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monterey —   [mɔntɪ reɪ], Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Monterey, Stadt in Kalifornien, USA, an der Monterey Bay des Pazifiks, 31 900 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; College (Monterey Institute of International Studies); Seebad.   Stadtbild …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Monterey, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 29674 Housing Units (2000): 13382 Land area (2000): 8.437655 sq. miles (21.853426 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.293604 sq. miles (8.530394 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.731259 sq. miles (30.383820 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monterey, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 231 Housing Units (2000): 103 Land area (2000): 0.170673 sq. miles (0.442041 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.170673 sq. miles (0.442041 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monterey, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 167 Housing Units (2000): 64 Land area (2000): 0.305822 sq. miles (0.792075 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.305822 sq. miles (0.792075 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monterey, TN — U.S. town in Tennessee Population (2000): 2717 Housing Units (2000): 1141 Land area (2000): 2.950344 sq. miles (7.641356 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007996 sq. miles (0.020709 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.958340 sq. miles (7.662065 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monterey, VA — U.S. town in Virginia Population (2000): 158 Housing Units (2000): 141 Land area (2000): 0.308456 sq. miles (0.798898 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.308456 sq. miles (0.798898 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monterēy — 1) Stadt u. Festung in der spanischen Provinz Orense (Galicia), an der Tamaya; 1500 Ew.; 2) Grafschaft im Staate Californien (Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika), ungefähr[421] 430 QM.; im Westen vom Stillen Ocean, im Osten von der Coast Range… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monterey — Monterēy. 1) Hauptstadt des mexik. Staates Nuevo León, am Rio de M., einem Zuflusse des Pesquerto, 485 m ü.d.M., (1900) 62.266 E. – 2) Monterey (spr. reh), Seebadeort im nordamerik. Staate Kalifornien, an der Montereybai, (1900) 1748 E.; biolog.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monterey — (spr. monterēi), 1) Hauptstadt des mexikan. Staates Nuevo Leon, in schönem Tale zwischen dem Cerro de la Silla (1265 m) und dem Cerro de la Mitra (1100 m), 535 m ü. M., Bahnknotenpunkt, mit großen Schmelzhütten, Stahl und Eisenwerken, Kathedrale …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”