entamoeba

entamoeba
en·ta·moe·ba (ĕn'tə-mēʹbə) also en·da·moe·ba (ĕn'də-) n. pl. en·ta·moe·bas or en·ta·moe·bae (-bē)
Any of several parasitic amoebas of the genus Entamoeba, especially E. histolytica, causing dysentery and ulceration of the colon and liver.
  [New Latin Entamoeba, genus name : ento- + amoeba.]

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Any protozoan of the genus Entamoeba.

Most are parasites in the intestines of vertebrates, including humans. E. histolytica causes human amebic dysentery. Infection of the large intestine with E. histolytica often causes no symptoms; however, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever may result from invasion and ulceration of intestinal walls. In the worst cases, the liver, lungs, brain, and spleen may be affected. Cysts of E. histolytica are transmitted through food and water, often by fly and cockroach droppings. E. gingivalis, found especially in unhealthy mouths, has not been shown to cause disease.

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▪ protozoan genus
 protozoan genus of the rhizopodian order Amoebida. Most species are parasitic in the intestines of many vertebrates, including humans; E. histolytica is the cause of human amebic dysentery. The cell nucleus, which is distinctive for the genus, contains a central body, the endosome, and a ring of uniformly sized granules attached to the nuclear membrane.

      Primary infection of the large intestine with E. histolytica (amebiasis) is often asymptomatic; however, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever may result from invasion and ulceration of intestinal walls. Secondary infection occurs in the liver, lungs, brain, and spleen after the amoebas enter the circulation by way of the portal vein and produce abscesses in these tissues. Encysted E. histolytica are transmitted through food and water, often by fly and cockroach droppings. Excystment (emergence from the cyst) occurs in the vertebrate intestine. The species sometimes is separated by size into the larger, pathogenic form and the smaller, nonpathogenic form, E. hartmanni.

      Another species, E. gingivalis, is found around the gum margins, especially in unhealthy or pyorrheic mouths. It has not, however, been shown to cause disease.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Entamoeba — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Entamoeba Quiste de Entamoeba histolytica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Entamoeba —   [zu griechisch entós »innen« und Amöben], Gattung der Amöben, die parasitisch oder als Kommensalen v. a. in Wirbeltieren leben. Wichtigste, beim Menschen vorkommende Arten sind: Entamoeba histolytica, der in zwei Modifikationen (der nicht… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Entamoeba — Género de parásitos intestinales amebianos, varias de cuyas especies son patógenas para el hombre. También se denomina Entameba. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Entamoeba — Taxobox color = #FFC8A0 name = Entamoeba domain = Eukaryota phylum = Amoebozoa classis = Archamoebae genus = Entamoeba subdivision ranks = Species subdivision = E. coli E. dispar E. gingivalis E. histolytica E. invadens E. moshkovskii etc.… …   Wikipedia

  • entamoeba — |ent+ noun Etymology: New Latin, from ent + Amoeba 1. capitalized, in some classifications : a genus of parasitic amoebas (family Endamoebidae) that includes those members of the genus Endamoeba which are parasites of vertebrates used chiefly in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • entamoeba — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1914 any of a genus (Entamoeba) of amoebas parasitic in vertebrates and including one (E. histolytica) that causes amebic dysentery in humans …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Entamoeba histolytica — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Entamoeba histolytica Quiste de Entamoeba histolytica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Entamoeba histolytica — Systematik Domäne: Eukaryoten (Eucaryota) ohne Rang: Amoebozoa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Entamoeba Histolytica — Entamoeba histolytica …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Entamoeba gingivalis — Entamoeba gingivalis …   Wikipédia en Français

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