metropolitanism, n.
/me'treuh pol"i tn/, adj.
1. of, noting, or characteristic of a metropolis or its inhabitants, esp. in culture, sophistication, or in accepting and combining a wide variety of people, ideas, etc.
2. of or pertaining to a large city, its surrounding suburbs, and other neighboring communities: the New York metropolitan area.
3. pertaining to or constituting a mother country.
4. pertaining to an ecclesiastical metropolis.
5. an inhabitant of a metropolis.
6. a person who has the sophistication, fashionable taste, or other habits and manners associated with those who live in a metropolis.
7. Eastern Ch. the head of an ecclesiastical province.
8. an archbishop in the Church of England.
9. Rom. Cath. Ch. an archbishop who has authority over one or more suffragan sees.
10. (in ancient Greece) a citizen of the mother city or parent state of a colony.
[1300-50; ME < LL metropolitanus of, belonging to a metropolis < Gk metropolít(es) (see METROPOLIS, -ITE1) + L -anus -AN]

* * *

▪ ecclesiastical title
      in the Roman Catholic (Roman Catholicism), Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodoxy), and Anglican (Anglican Communion) churches, the head of an ecclesiastical province. Originally, a metropolitan was a bishop of the Christian Church who resided in the chief city, or metropolis, of a civil province of the Roman Empire and, for ecclesiastical purposes, administered a territorial area coextensive with a civil province. The first known use of the title in church conciliar documents was at the Council of Nicaea (Nicaea, Council of) in 325, which definitely established the metropolitan in the organization of the church.

      Following the general pattern of civil government, the expanding church created ecclesiastical provinces, each headed by a metropolitan, who was assisted by his suffragan bishops, each of whom headed a diocese within the province. This system has continued substantially unchanged. The metropolitan convokes and presides at provincial synods, and he takes the chief part, assisted by his suffragans, in the consecration of bishops.

      In Slavic-speaking Orthodox churches the title metropolitan is used to designate heads of autocephalous churches and a few important episcopal sees; in Greek-speaking Orthodox churches it is given to all diocesan bishops, as distinct from their auxiliaries. In Western medieval Roman Catholicism, especially since the 9th century, the rights of the metropolitans gradually disappeared in the framework of papal centralization. The title archbishop, conferred by popes on metropolitans of particular note, took on connotations of spiritual authority, and the title metropolitan came to be regarded as being particularly associated with temporal authority. The distinction still remains in the Roman Catholic Church, but in the Church of England (England, Church of) the titles are synonymous. See also archbishop.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metropolitan — may refer to: A metropolis A metropolitan area A metropole, mother country , or central part of a colonizing state Metropolitan bishop or archbishop, leader of an ecclesiastical mother see As a cognate, a rapid transit system in an urban area… …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan — • In ecclesiastical language, refers to whatever relates to the metropolis, the principal city, or see, of an ecclesiastical province Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Metropolitan     Metropolitan …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • metropolitan — METROPOLITÁN, Ă, metropolitani, e, adj., s.n. 1. adj. Care aparţine unei metropole; care are caracter de metropolă; originar dintr o metropolă. 2. s.n. (Rar) Metrou. – Din fr. métropolitain. Trimis de LauraGellner, 29.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Metropolitan — puede referirse a: En Nueva York: la Ópera del Metropolitan (Metropolitan Opera House); el Museo Metropolitano de Arte (Metropolitan Museum of Art); la Metropolitan Life Tower, un rascacielos. En Londres: la Metropolitan Line, una línea del Metro …   Wikipedia Español

  • Metropolitan — Met ro*pol i*tan (?; 277), a. [L. metropolitanus: cf. F. m[ e]tropolitain.] 1. Of or pertaining to the capital or principal city of a country; as, metropolitan luxury. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a metropolitan or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Metropolitan — (Салоники,Греция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 65 Vasilissis Olgas Ave …   Каталог отелей

  • Metropolitan TV — Nombre público Metropolitan TV Tipo de canal DVB T Programación Generalista Propietario Smile Advertising País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Metropolitan — (Салоники,Греция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 65 Vass. Olgas Avenue, Салоники, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • Metropolitan — Met ro*pol i*tan, n. [LL. metropolitanus.] 1. The superior or presiding bishop of a country or province. [1913 Webster] 2. (Lat. Church.) An archbishop. [1913 Webster] 3. (Gr. Church) A bishop whose see is a civil metropolis. His rank is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • metropolitan — ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to a metropolis. 2) relating to the parent state of a colony. 3) Christian Church relating to a metropolitan or his see. ► NOUN 1) Christian Church a bishop having authority over the bishops of a province. 2) an inhabitant …   English terms dictionary

  • metropolitan — [me΄trō päl′i tən, me΄trəpäl′i tən] adj. [LL metropolitanus] 1. of or constituting a METROPOLIS (senses 1 & 2) 2. designating or of a METROPOLITAN (n. 2) ☆ 3. designating or of a population area consisting of a central city and smaller… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”