/may leel"yah/, n.
a seaport belonging to Spain on the NE coast of Morocco, in NW Africa. 60,843.

* * *

Spanish enclave and autonomous community (pop., 2001: 66,411), North Africa.

It covers 5 sq mi (12 sq km) and is a military station and seaport. Located on Morocco's northern coast, it was successively colonized by the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. It fell as a Berber town to Spain in 1497 and remained Spanish despite a long history of attack and siege. In the early 20th century Spain modernized its port and made it an administrative centre for Spanish Morocco. It was the first Spanish town to rise against the Popular Front government in 1936, helping to precipitate the Spanish Civil War. It was retained by Spain when Morocco achieved independence in 1956.

* * *

      Spanish exclave, military base, and free port on the northern coast of Morocco. The city is located on the eastern side of the Cabo Tres Forcas (French: Cap des Trois Fourches), a rocky peninsula that extends approximately 25 miles (40 km) into the Mediterranean Sea.

      Colonized by the ancient Phoenicians (later Carthaginians) and Romans under the name of Rusaddir, it fell as a Berber town to Spain in 1497 and remained Spanish thereafter despite a long history of attack and siege. After acquiring the adjacent area in about 1909, Spain modernized Melilla's port and made the town into a garrison post for Spanish Morocco. In 1921 during the Rif War, Moroccan tribes under the leadership of Abd el-Krim almost captured the town. Melilla was the first Spanish town to rise against the Popular Front government in July 1936, thus helping precipitate the Spanish Civil War. Melilla was retained by Spain as an exclave when Morocco attained independence in 1956. In 1995 the Spanish government approved statutes of autonomy for Melilla, replacing the city council with an assembly similar to those of Spain's other autonomous communities.

      The modern quarter of the city spreads south and west on the mainland, while the old walled city is situated between the port and the new quarter. The port exports iron ore that is transported by rail from mines in the Rif of the adjacent (Moroccan) hinterland. A double fence lined with razor wire surrounds the exclave to keep immigrants, mainly African refugees, from entering.

      Textiles, shoemaking, and local metallurgical manufactures are Melilla's main industries. Services, including a growing tourism industry, contribute significantly to the economy. Two-thirds of the exclave's population is Roman Catholic, while the remainder is mostly Muslim. Area 5 square miles (12 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 66,871.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Melilla —   Melilla (kast.)   Melilla Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melilla — es una ciudad autónoma española situada en el norte de África, en la parte oriental del la cadena montañosa del Rif, a orillas del mar Mediterráneo, frente a las costas de la península Ibérica. Desde el final de los protectorados español y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Melilla —   [me liʎa], arabisch Mlịya, berberisch Tamlit, Hafenstadt an der marokkanischen Mittelmeerküste, spanische Enklave (Provinz Málaga), 14 km2, 56 600 Einwohner; Erzverladehafen, Fischfang und Fischverarbeitung, Schiffbau; Garnison; Freihafen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • MELILLA — vulgo quoque Melilla, urbs Gabetae, in Fezzae regno, sub Hispanis ab A. C. 1497. Alias Ryssadirum: ad mare Mediterraneum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Melilla — (Meliljah), Stadt u. Hauptort in der marokkanischen Provinz Garet, südlich von Cap Tres Forcas, an einer großen, aber nur einen wenig. guten Hafen bietenden Meeresbucht, in sehr fruchtbarer Gegend mit 2500 Ew. u. Eisengruben in der Nähe; die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Melilla — (spr. melilja), span. Stadt an der mittelländischen Küste von Marokko, 15 km südöstlich vom Kap Tres Forcas, auf einer schmalen Halbinsel, mit einer Zitadelle, die von mehreren Forts umgeben ist und den Hafen beherrscht, und 8956 Einw., worunter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Melilla — (spr. illja), Mlila, span. Stadt und Presidio südl. vom Kap Tresforcas an der Nordküste von Marokko, (1900) 8956 E., Hafen (seit 1902 Handelshafen), Zitadelle; seit 1496 spanisch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Melilla — ville et enclave espagnole (dépendant admin. de Maluga) au Maroc, port franc sur la Méditerranée; 62 560 hab. Exportation de fer et de plomb. La ville fut conquise par les Espagnols en 1497 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Melilla — [mə lē′yə] Spanish enclave in NE Morocco: pop. 57,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Melilla — No debe confundirse con Merilla (Cantabria) o Velilla (Granada). Melilla Ciudad autónoma de España …   Wikipedia Español

  • Melilla — For other uses, see Melilla (disambiguation). Melilla   Autonomous City   Autonomous City of Melilla Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla (Spanish) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”