/mel'ee ay"jeuhr/, n.
1. fl. 1st century B.C., Greek epigrammatist.
2. Class. Myth. the heroic son of Althaea, an Argonaut, and the slayer of the Calydonian boar. Cf. Calydonian hunt. Also, Meleagros /mel'ee ag"ros/.

* * *

 in Greek mythology, the leader of the Calydonian boar hunt. The Iliad relates how Meleager's father, King Oeneus of Calydon, had omitted to sacrifice to Artemis, who sent a wild boar to ravage the country. Meleager collected a band of heroes to hunt it, and he eventually killed it himself. The Calydonians and the Curetes (neighbouring warriors who aided in the hunt) then quarrelled over the spoils, and war broke out between them. In this war Meleager killed the brother of his mother, Althaea, and she cursed him. At one point the Curetes besieged Calydon; since Meleager refused to fight, the Curetes were on the verge of victory when Meleager finally joined the battle and repulsed them. The Iliad does not describe Meleager's death, though it mentions that it occurred before the Trojan War. His mother caused his death by burning the log whose span of existence was coterminous with his.

      Meleager formed the subject of the Meleager of Euripides, of which only fragments survive.

▪ Greek poet
flourished 1st century BC, b. Gadara [now Umm Qays, Jordan]

      Greek poet who compiled the first large anthology of epigrams. This was the first of the collections that made up what is known as the Greek Anthology. Meleager's collection contained poems by 50 writers and many by himself; an introductory poem compared each writer to a flower, and the whole was entitled Stephanos (“Garland”). Meleager's own poems are neatly constructed, and they treat erotic themes with cleverness; they had a considerable influence on the epigrams written during the time of the Roman Empire. He lived in Tyre and, in old age, on the Aegean island of Cos.

Additional Reading
Meleager is significantly discussed in Kathryn J. Gutzwiller, Poetic Garlands: Hellenistic Epigrams in Context (1998).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meleager — et Atalanta, after Giulio Romano. Topics in Greek mythology Gods Primordial gods and Titans …   Wikipedia

  • Meleáger — MELEÁGER, gri, Gr. Μελέαγρος, ου, (⇒ Tab. XXVI.) 1 §. Aeltern und Geburt. Insgemein wird er für einen Sohn des Oeneus, Königs zu Kalydon, und der Althäa angegeben: doch wollen auch einige, Mars selbst habe in eben der Nacht, als Oeneus, mit der… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Meleager — Meleager, 1) so v.w. Meleagros; 2) so v.w. Breughel 6) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Meleager [1] — Meleager, myth. Sohn des Königs Oeneus von Kalydon und der Althäa, erlegte den kalydon. Eber, erschlug aber die 3 Brüder seiner Mutter, worauf diese in Folge eines Orakelspruches ein Scheit in das Feuer warf, u. wie dasselbe verzehrt wurde, so… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Meleager [2] — Meleager, griech. Epigrammendichter aus dem letzten Jahrh. v. Chr.; verlorne Sammlung von Epigrammen; M.s eigene gab Gräfe 1811 heraus …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Meleager — [mel΄ē ā′jər] n. [L < Gr Meleagros] Gr. Myth. the son of the queen of Calydon and slayer of the Calydonian boar: he is sometimes also listed as one of the Argonauts …   English World dictionary

  • MELEAGER — I. MELEAGER Macedoniae Rex, post fratrem Ptolemaeum Ceraunum, an. 474. Urb. Cond. victus a Gallis, et occisus, ut et Antipater nepos Cassandri ex fratre, qui illum excepit. Post quos Macedones Sosthenem Regem creârunt. Pausan. in Phoc. Iustin. l …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Meleager — /mɛliˈeɪgə/ (say melee ayguh) noun Greek Legend the heroic son of Althaea. He was an Argonaut, and the slayer of the Calydonian boar. It had been prophesied to his mother that as long as a certain brand remained unburnt Meleager would live; after …  

  • Meleager of Gadara — (Greek: Μελέαγρος; 1st century BCE) was a poet and collector of epigrams. He wrote some satirical prose, now lost, and he wrote some sensual poetry, of which, 134 epigrams survive. He also compiled numerous epigrams from diverse poets in an… …   Wikipedia

  • Meleager (general) — Meleager (Greek: Mελεαγρος Meleagros; died 323 BC) was a Macedonian officer of distinction in the service of Alexander the Great. Meleager, son of Neoptolemus, is first mentioned in the war against the Getae (335 BC). At the Granicus in the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”