/mat'euh thuy"euhs/, n.
died 167? B.C., Jewish priest in Judea (father of Judas Maccabaeus).

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▪ Jewish priest
died c. 166 BC

      Jewish priest and landowner of Modein, near Jerusalem, who in 167 defied the decree of Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Syria to Hellenize the Jews; he fled to the Judaean hills with his five sons and waged a guerrilla war against the Syrians, being succeeded by his son Judas Maccabeus. Because, according to Josephus, Mattathias' great-great-grandfather was called Hasmoneus, the family is often designated Hasmonean rather than Maccabee.

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Universalium. 2010.

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