/mahrl"berr oh, -bur oh/ or, for 1, /-breuh, mawl"-/, n.
1. John Churchill, 1st Duke of. See Churchill, John, 1st Duke of Marlborough.
2. Marlboro (def. 1).

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      town (“parish”), Kennet district, administrative and historic county of Wiltshire, England. It lies on the River Kennet in a valley of the chalky Marlborough Downs (hills).

      Traces of Neolithic and Roman occupation have been found in the vicinity of the Castle Mound, former site of an 11th-century royal castle. John, later king, was married at the castle chapel in 1189. He granted the town its first charter in 1204; the present charter dates from 1575. During the English Civil Wars the town, which supported Parliament, was besieged and captured. In 1653 a great fire destroyed much of Marlborough, and other fires occurred in 1679 and 1690, but the present broad High Street is still flanked with houses dating from the 16th century.

      Marlborough College, a well-known boys' school, was founded in 1843, and its buildings include the castle, rebuilt in the 17th and again in the 18th century. The town's trade is largely based on its role as a rural service centre for the surrounding farming area. Pop. (2001) 8,009.

      city, Middlesex county, east-central Massachusetts, U.S., 27 miles (43 km) west of Boston. Originally part of Sudbury, it was set off as Whipsuferadge Plantation in 1656 and was incorporated as a town in 1660 and named for Marlborough, England. The adjoining Native American plantation of Okammakamefit was annexed in 1718. Shoe manufacturing was begun in 1812. Services and trade are now important to the economy, but the largest share of employment is dependent on manufacturing (computers, electronic equipment, chemicals, shoes, and metal goods). Recreational areas include Sudbury State Forest and the Marlborough Reservoirs. The Peter Rice Homestead is a historical attraction. Inc. city, 1890. Pop. (1990) 31,813; (2000) 36,255.

      unitary authority, northeastern South Island, New Zealand. It is bounded by Cook Strait (north), the South Pacific Ocean (east), Canterbury regional council (southeast and south), and Tasman and the city of Nelson unitary authorities (west). The Wairau River rises in western Marlborough in the Spenser Mountains, the source of headwaters of many smaller rivers as well. The Wairau flows northeast, south of the Richmond Range, into Cloudy Bay. Other important rivers are the Awatere and Flaxbourne.

      The first whaling stations were established in the 1830s along Port Underwood (a bay) and Queen Charlotte Sound. The New Zealand Company's efforts to acquire the Wairau Plains in 1843 led to the Wairau Affray, a battle between white settlers and local Maori chiefs.

      There is mixed arable farming around Blenheim and Seddon, and sheep and dairy farming in the Rai River valley. Industries include food processing, clothing and textiles, metals and engineering, nearly all of it in the vicinity of Blenheim. There are road and rail ferries between the town of Picton and the city of Wellington (on North Island), and air freight is handled through Woodbourne, near Blenheim, and Rongotai in Wellington. Area 4,163 square miles (10,781 square km). Pop. (2006) 46,179.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Marlborough — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in Großbritannien: Marlborough (Wiltshire) in Australien: Marlborough (Queensland) in Kanada: Marlborough (Calgary), Alberta in Neuseeland: Marlborough (Neuseeland) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Marlborough (Connecticut) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marlborough — puede referirse a: Lo vinculado al Ducado de Marlborough John Churchill, I duque de Marlborough (1650 1722), cuyo nombre se deformó en Mambrú (en la canción infantil Mambrú se fue a la guerra) Sarah Churchill, duquesa de Marlborough (1660 – 1744) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marlborough — Marlborough, MO U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 2235 Housing Units (2000): 1422 Land area (2000): 0.227380 sq. miles (0.588911 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.227380 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marlborough —   [ mɔːlbərə], John Churchill [ tʃəːtʃɪl], 1. Herzog von Marlborough (seit 1702; seit 1689 Earl of Marlborough), Reichsfürst von Mịndelheim (seit 1710), britischer Feldherr und Staatsmann, * Ashe (County Devonshire) 26. 5. 1650, ✝ auf Cranbourn… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Marlborough B & B — (Tuamarina,Новая Зеландия) Категория отеля: 4,5 звезд Адрес: 2 Kaituna Tuamarina R …   Каталог отелей

  • Marlborough, MA — U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 36255 Housing Units (2000): 14903 Land area (2000): 21.085246 sq. miles (54.610533 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.084356 sq. miles (2.808468 sq. km) Total area (2000): 22.169602 sq. miles (57.419001 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marlborough, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 2235 Housing Units (2000): 1422 Land area (2000): 0.227380 sq. miles (0.588911 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.227380 sq. miles (0.588911 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marlborough, NH — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Hampshire Population (2000): 1089 Housing Units (2000): 494 Land area (2000): 1.691609 sq. miles (4.381248 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.691609 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marlborough [2] — Marlborough (spr. mārlböro oder maolbru), 1) John Churchill, Herzog von, brit. Feldherr und Staatsmann, geb. im Juni 1650 zu Ashe in Devonshire, gest. 16. Juni 1722, kam in seinem zwölften Jahr als Page an den Hof des Herzogs von York, dessen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marlborough [1] — Marlborough (spr. Mahlbörro), 1) Cunetio, Borough in der englischen Grafschaft Wiltshire, am Kennet; College; 5000 Ew.; M. sendet zwei Mitglieder ins Parlament. Von ihm bekam M. John Churchill den Herzogtitel, den jetzt das Haus Spencer hat. 1267 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marlborough [2] — Marlborough (spr. Mahlbörro), 1) John Churchill, Herzog von M., geb. 24. Juni 1650 zu Ashe in der englischen Grafschaft Devonshire, wurde im 12. Jahre Page beim Herzog von York u. 1666 Fähnrich bei der Garde. Als solcher war er bei der Landung in …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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