Manila Bay

Manila Bay
a bay in the Philippines, in W Luzon Island: the American fleet under Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet 1898.

* * *

Inlet of the South China Sea extending into southwestern Luzon island, Philippines.

Considered one of the world's great harbours, it forms a nearly landlocked body of water with an area of 770 sq mi (2,000 sq km). It measures 36 mi (58 km) across at its widest point. The decisive Battle of Manila Bay, in the Spanish-American War, took place there in 1898. The Japanese gained control of the bay in 1942 during World War II, but it was recaptured by U.S. forces in 1945. Corregidor Island, the scene of intense fighting in the war, divides the bay's entrance into the South Channel and the North Channel.

* * *

      bay of the South China Sea extending into southwestern Luzon Island, Philippines. Almost completely landlocked, it is considered one of the world's great harbours and has an area of 770 sq mi (2,000 sq km) with a 120-mi (190-km) circumference. Its widest diameter, from northwest to southeast, measures 36 mi. Corregidor Island, 30 mi west of Manila, divides the bay's 11-mi-wide entrance into two channels—the seldom used South Channel and the safer, 2-mi-wide North Channel between Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor.

      The northern and northeastern shore of the bay adjoins Luzon's central plain. There the bay is shallow and lined by the mud flats and mangrove swamps of the delta of the Pampanga River, site of the most extensive commercial fishponds in the Philippines. Most of the bay is between 30 and 120 ft (10 and 40 m) deep; the tidal range is only moderate.

      Manila Harbor, at the easternmost part of the bay, is divided into two sections: North Harbor for interisland ships and South Harbor for international shipping. Sangley Point is a U.S.–Filipino naval reservation near Cavite, on the southeastern shore, and Balanga, on the western shore, is the base of a small fishing fleet.

      Manila Bay provides excellent protected anchorage, since it is sheltered by the mountains of Bataan Peninsula (west) and the Cordillera Central (east). Because of its location near the Southeast Asian mainland, it was already commercially important when, in 1571, Spanish colonizers began building fortifications at the site of present-day Manila. In 1574 the Chinese pirate Lim-ah-hong entered the bay with a force of nearly 3,000 but was repulsed by Spanish forces. Manila Bay was the western terminus of the Manila–Acapulco “galleon trade” between 1593 and 1815. The decisive naval battle of the Spanish–American War, the Battle of Manila Bay, took place there on May 1, 1898, when Commo. George Dewey's U.S. fleet destroyed the Spanish fleet off Cavite. During World War II many Philippine, American, and Japanese ships were sunk by aerial bombardment at Manila, Cavite, Corregidor, and other locations. In February–March 1945 Manila Bay was regained by U.S. forces.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manila Bay — Location Luzon Island, Philippines River sources Pasig River …   Wikipedia

  • manila bay — n. The name of a naval battle in the Spanish American War (1898), in which the American fleet under Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet off the shore of Manila in the Phillipines. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manila Bay, Battle of — (May 1, 1898) Naval engagement in the Spanish American War. The U.S. Asiatic Squadron under George Dewey was ordered to sail from its Hong Kong base to destroy the Spanish fleet then in the Philippines. In one morning the guns of Dewey s squadron …   Universalium

  • Manila Bay, Battle of — (1898)    The first battle of the Spanish American War, whereby the United States defeated Spain, acquired colonies in the Caribbean and the Pacific, and joined the ranks of the Great Powers. On April 25, 1898, the United States declared war on… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Manila Bay — Satellitenphoto Sonnenuntergang in Bay City, Pasay Die Manilabucht ist der Hafen und der Anschluss an die Stadt Manila auf Luzón auf den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manila Bay — Manil′a Bay′ n. geg a bay in the Philippines, in W Luzon Island …   From formal English to slang

  • Manila Bay — /mənɪlə ˈbeɪ/ (say muhniluh bay) noun a large bay in the Philippine Islands, in western Luzon Island; the American fleet under Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet here, 1898 …  

  • Manila Bay — noun a naval battle in the Spanish American War (1898); the American fleet under Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet • Regions: ↑Philippines, ↑Republic of the Philippines • Instance Hypernyms: ↑naval battle • Part Holonyms: ↑Spanish American …   Useful english dictionary

  • USS Manila Bay (CVE-61) — was a Casablanca class escort carrier of the United States Navy. OverviewShe was laid down as Bucareli Bay (ACV 61) under Maritime Commission contract by Kaiser Co., Inc., Vancouver, Washington, 15 January 1943; renamed Manila Bay 3 April 1943;… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Manila Bay — Part of the Spanish American War …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”