Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny
the belief or doctrine, held chiefly in the middle and latter part of the 19th century, that it was the destiny of the U.S. to expand its territory over the whole of North America and to extend and enhance its political, social, and economic influences.

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Concept of U.S. territorial expansion westward to the Pacific Ocean.

The phrase was coined in 1845 by the editor John L. O'Sullivan, who described the U.S. annexation of Texas and, by extension, the occupation of the rest of the continent as a divine right of the American people. The term was used to justify the U.S. annexation of Oregon, New Mexico, and California and later U.S. involvement in Alaska, Hawaii, and the Philippines.

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▪ United States history
      in U.S. history, the supposed inevitability of the continued territorial expansion of U.S. boundaries westward to the Pacific, and even beyond. The idea of “Manifest Destiny” was often used by American expansionists to justify U.S. annexation of Texas, Oregon, New Mexico, and California and later U.S. involvement in Alaska, Hawaii, and the Philippines.

      John L. O'Sullivan coined the phrase in his United States Magazine and Democratic Review (July–August 1845) to prophesy “the fulfillment of our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence. . . .” Congressmen quickly adopted the term in their debates over the three territorial questions confronting the United States in 1845 and 1846—the annexation of Texas, the joint occupation of the Oregon Territory with England, and the prosecution of war with Mexico. Although chiefly a tenet of the Democrats, individual Whigs or Republicans also supported Manifest Destiny, which in the 1890s was revived as a Republican policy.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Manifest Destiny —   [ mænɪfest destɪni, englisch], Schlagwort, 1845 im »United States Magazine and Democratic Review« von dessen Herausgeber John Louis O Sullivan geprägt: die nach amerikanischem Verständnis »offenbare Bestimmung« der Nordamerikaner, sich über den …   Universal-Lexikon

  • manifest destiny — n. A policy of imperialism rationalized as inevitable (as if granted by God). [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manifest Destiny — ☆ Manifest Destiny n. the 19th cent. doctrine postulating the continued territorial expansion of the U.S. as its obvious destiny: term current during the annexation of territories in the Southwest and Northwest and of islands in the Pacific and… …   English World dictionary

  • Manifest Destiny — For other uses, see Manifest Destiny (disambiguation). This painting (circa 1872) by John Gast called American Progress, is an allegorical representation of the modernization of the new west. Here Columbia, a personification of the United States …   Wikipedia

  • Manifest Destiny —    A slogan of American territorial expansion that was coined in the 1840s. Justi ficatory rhetoric throughout the continental expansion of the United States was clothed in various garbs, of which Manifest Destiny is the best known, and to invoke …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

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  • Manifest Destiny — Destinée manifeste Cette œuvre, peinte vers 1872 par John Gast intitulée American Progress est une représentation allégorique de la « Destinée manifeste ». Dans cette scène, une femme angélique (parfois identifiée comme Columbia, la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • manifest destiny — noun a policy of imperialism rationalized as inevitable (as if granted by God) • Hypernyms: ↑imperialism * * * ↑manifest destiny * * * manifest destiny [manifest destiny] noun [U] a phrase much used in 19th century America t …   Useful english dictionary

  • manifest destiny — noun Usage: often capitalized M&D Date: 1845 a future event accepted as inevitable < in the mid 19th century expansion to the Pacific was regarded as the Manifest Destiny of the United States >; broadly an ostensibly benevolent or necessary… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • MANIFEST DESTINY —    This term, which may have originated with John L. O’Sullivan’s 1839 treatise Manifest Destiny, refers to a concept that is a basic subtext of all Westerns from the classic and silent eras: that because the United States was blessed and chosen… …   Westerns in Cinema

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