/loh"gee euh, -jee euh, log"ee euh/, n.
a pl. of logion.

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      (Greek: “sayings,” “words,” or “discourses”), hypothetical collection, either written or oral, of the sayings of Jesus, which might have been in circulation around the time of the composition of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., those of Matthew, Mark, and Luke). Most biblical scholars agree that Matthew and Luke based their written accounts largely on The Gospel According to Mark. The versions of Matthew and Luke, however, both share a good deal of material that is absent from Mark. This shared material is largely made up of sayings attributed to Jesus, an ostensible coincidence that has led biblical scholars to hypothesize the existence of an undetermined source, perhaps the logia, from which the shared material is drawn.

      Matthew and Luke, however, share narrative material as well as the sayings of Jesus. Scholars have therefore hypothesized the existence of a kind of proto-gospel that incorporates the logia. Experts have called this hypothetical source Q (from German Quelle, “source”). The existence of Q, sometimes called the lost source, is theoretical; some scholars, although believing that Q exists, contend that the logia is an entirely different entity.

      The first references to the logia were made by Papias, a 2nd-century bishop of Hierapolis in Asia Minor, in his work Logiōn kyriakōn exēgēseis (“Interpretation of the Logia of the Lord”), and by other early Christian writers, such as Polycarp, a 2nd-century bishop of Smyrna in Asia Minor. According to Eusebius, a 4th-century church historian, Papias wrote that the Apostle Matthew arranged the logia of Jesus in an orderly form in Hebrew.

      Some scholars contend that the logia was a collection of Old Testament oracles predicting the coming of the Messiah, but this view has been challenged. Though the logia may not have been part of the theoretical lost source known as Q or of the Old Testament messianic oracles, it is generally assumed that early Christians either wrote down or transmitted orally the sayings of Jesus, much as Jews of the period collected the sayings of respected rabbis, and that this material was used by both Matthew and Luke.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Logia — puede hacer referencia a: La logia, un elemento arquitectónico. Logia o Logia Jesu, hipotética colección de dichos de Jesús probablemente escritos por Papías de Hierápolis. Una Logia Masónica, grupo de personas que forman un cuerpo masónico… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Logia — ist eine Bezeichnung für eine mögliche Sammlung von Zitaten Jesu, die dann als Ausgangsstoffe für die Verfasser der Evangelien gedient haben könnten. Das griechische Wort „logia“ bedeutet „Orakel, göttliche Antworten, Äußerungen oder Spruch.“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • -logia — [dal gr. logía, der. di lógos logo ]. Secondo elemento di parole composte in cui significa discorso, espressione (come in brachilogia, dittologia ), oppure trattazione, teoria, dottrina (come in geologia, archeologia, zoologia ) …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • logia — logia; phar·ma·co·logia; …   English syllables

  • logia — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Agrupación de masones: En nuestra ciudad funcionan varias logias. 2. Local donde se reúne esta agrupación: El acceso a la logia está restringido a sus miembros. 3. Área …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Logia — Logia, (ital., spr. Lodscha), so v.w. Loge 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • LOGIA — fluv. Hiberniae. Ptol. per oram orientalem ex la cu Shaterwico fluens, ac in mare ad Strangfordiam opp. exiens. Camd. Lough Der vel Lough Foyle in ora Bor. apud urb. Derry. Lough. Coyn vero est, qui apud Strangfordiam exit, in ora Or. in Ultonia …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • -logia — {{hw}}{{ logia}}{{/hw}} secondo elemento: in parole composte significa ‘discorso’, ‘espressione’ (analogia, tautologia) o ‘studio’, ‘teoria’ (archeologia, glottologia, zoologia) …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • -logia — suf. Elemento que exprime a noção de estudo (ex.: morfologia).   ‣ Etimologia: grego lógos, ou, palavra, discurso, linguagem, estudo, teoria + ia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • -logía — (Del gr. λογία). elem. compos. Significa tratado , estudio , ciencia . Mineralogía, lexicología …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • logia — (Del it. loggia). 1. f. Local donde se celebran asambleas de francmasones. 2. Asamblea de francmasones …   Diccionario de la lengua española

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