- Little Turtle
(Michikinikwa), 1752?-1812, leader of the Miami tribe.
* * *born с 1752, near Fort Wayne, Ind.died July 14, 1812, Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S.American Indian leader.Chief of the Miami tribe, he led raids on settlements in the Northwest Territory in the early 1790s. Defeated by Gen. Anthony Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794), he was obliged to sign the Treaty of Greenville (1795), which ceded to the U.S. much of Ohio and parts of Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. He then advocated peace and prevented the Miami from joining the Shawnee confederacy of Tecumseh.
* * *▪ Miami chiefborn c. 1752, near Fort Wayne, Ind.died July 14, 1812, Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S.American Indian, chief of the Miami tribe, who achieved fame during the turbulent period when the U.S. Congress launched a punitive campaign against the Indians who were raiding settlers in the Northwest Territory. In 1790 he routed Gen. Josiah Harmar's poorly trained militia. The next year he decimated the better-prepared expeditionary force of Gen. Arthur St. Clair, who had arrived in the territory to build a series of forts between the Ohio River and Lake Erie. Not until Gen. Anthony Wayne (Wayne, Anthony) took to the field in 1793 was Little Turtle subdued—at Ft. Recovery (built on the site of St. Clair's defeat) and at Fallen Timbers (near present Maumee, Ohio). In August 1795 Little Turtle signed the Treaty of Greenville, by which a loose confederacy of Indians ceded to the U.S. much of Ohio and parts of Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. Thereafter, he advocated peace and succeeded in keeping the Miami Indians from joining the Shawnee Confederacy of Tecumseh. See also Fallen Timbers, Battle of.
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