Linus

Linus
/luy"neuhs/, n.
1. Class. Myth.
a. a musician and poet, the inventor of melody and rhythm, of whom various stories are told: often identified, through his untimely death, with the harvesting or withering of crops and vegetation.
b. Also called Linus song. a dirge: originally sung in western Asia to mourn the death of crops being harvested, later sung to mourn the death of Linus or that of Adonis.
2. a male given name.
/luy"neuhs/, n.
Saint, died A.D. 76?, pope 67?-76?.

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also spelled  Linos  

      in Greek mythology, the personification of lamentation; the name derives from the ritual cry ailinon, the refrain of a dirge. Two principal stories, associated with Argos and Thebes, respectively, arose to explain the origin of the lament.

      According to the Argive story, recounted by the 2nd-century-AD traveler Pausanias, Linus, the child of Apollo (god of light, truth, and prophecy) and Psamathe (the daughter of Crotopus, king of Argos), was exposed at birth and torn to pieces by dogs. In revenge, Apollo sent a Poine, or avenging spirit, which destroyed the Argive children. The hero Coroebus killed the Poine, and a festival, Arnis, otherwise called dog-killing day (kunophontis), was instituted, in which stray dogs were killed, sacrifice offered, and mourning made for Linus and Psamathe (who was killed by her father).

      In the Theban version, according to Pausanias, Linus was the son of the Muse Urania and the musician Amphimarus, and he was himself a great musician. He invented the Linus song but was put to death by Apollo for claiming to be his equal.

      A later, half-burlesque story—told by the 2nd-century-BC Greek scholar Apollodorus and found on an Attic kylix in the style of Douris (c. 480 BC)—related that Linus was the Greek hero Heracles' music master and was killed by his pupil after he tried to correct him.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Linus — m Latin form of the Greek name Linos, which is of uncertain origin. In Greek mythology, Linus is both a famous musician who taught music to Hercules and an infant son of Apollo who had been exposed to die on a mountainside in Argos. The name may… …   First names dictionary

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  • Linus — Linus, 1) so v.w. Linos; 2) St. L., angeblich aus Volterra, soll als Jüngling nach Rom gekommen sein, als Petrus daselbst Bischof gewesen, von diesem nach Besançon als Prediger des Christenthums geschickt, nach seiner Rückkehr von Petrus als… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Linus — Linus, Heiliger, wird in der Reihenfolge der römischen Päpste als Nachfolger des Petrus gezählt. Tag: 23. September …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Linus — Linus, Heiliger, angeblich zweiter Papst, Nachfolger des Petrus (2. Tim. 4,21), soll etwa 14 Jahre amtiert haben und als Märtyrer gestorben sein. Gedächtnistag: 23. Sept …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Linus, St. — Linus, St., der Nachfolger des Apostels Petrus auf dem heil. Stuhle, aus Volaterra in Etrurien gebürtig, nach etwa 11 jährigem Pontificate gemartert; Gedächtnißtag 23. Septbr …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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