/lye"pah yah/; Eng. /lee ep"euh yeuh/, n.
a seaport in W Latvia, on the Baltic. 114,900. Also, Liepaja. German, Libau. Russian, Libava.

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German  Libau,  Russian  Libava,  

      city and port, Latvia, on the west (Baltic Sea) coast at the northern end of Lake Liepāja. First recorded in 1253, when it was a small Kurish settlement, Liepāja was the site of a fortress built by the Knights of the Teutonic Order in 1263. It was created a town in 1625, and in 1697–1703 a canal was cut to the sea and a port was built. In 1701, during the Great Northern War, Liepāja was captured by Charles XII of Sweden, but the end of the war saw the city in Polish possession. It was taken by Russia in the Third Partition of Poland, in 1795.

      Liepāja's importance as a port, especially for grain export, was greatly stimulated in 1876 by the construction of the railway from Romny in the Ukraine. In 1893 a naval port was built, and its function as a naval base persisted through World Wars I and II, when the city suffered heavy damage, to the present. Modern Liepāja has important industries, producing steel, agricultural machinery, linoleum, sugar, canned fish, textiles, and footwear. It is a deep-sea fishing base and has several schools including a college of navigation and a branch of the Riga Polytechnic Institute. Pop. (1989 prelim.) 114,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liepaja — Liepāja (dt.: Libau) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liepàja — Liepāja (dt.: Libau) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liepāja — (dt.: Libau) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liepāja — (de) Libau Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liepāja — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liepaja — Liepāja Liepāja Pays Lettonie Rajons …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LIEPAJA — (Ger. Libau; Rus. Libava), city in Kurzeme (Courland) district, Latvia; one of the oldest Baltic ports. Jews were permitted to live there from 1799, and by 1850 they numbered   1,348 persons. In 1840, 13 families (78 persons) left to join the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Liepaja — Liepāja (en lituano: Liepoja, Polaco: Lipawa, Alemán: Libau, Ruso: Либава / Libava o Лиепая / Liyepaya, Judío: ליבאַװע / Libave), es una ciudad al este de Letonia, en el mar báltico. Es la tercera ciudad más grande de Letonia, y tiene el puerto… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liepāja — [lē′ə pä΄yə] seaport in W Latvia, on the Baltic: pop. 98,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Liepāja — Latvian Cities name=Liepāja Coa=Coat or Arms Liepaja.svg Caption= Art Nouveau in Liepāja s downtown. citysince=1625 location n1=56 n2=31 e1=21 e2=0 othernames= de. Libau; lt. Liepoja; pl. Lipawa; yi. ליבאַװע, Libave; ru. Лиепая, Либава, Любава… …   Wikipedia

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