/li"dyi tse/; Eng. /lee"deuh chay', lid"euh see/, n.
a village in the W Czech Republic: suffered a ruthless reprisal by the Nazis in 1942 for the assassination of a high Nazi official. 509.

* * *

      village, Czech Republic, just northwest of Prague. Before World War II it was a mining settlement of the Kladno coal basin and had a population of about 450. On June 10, 1942, it was “liquidated” by German armed forces as part of a massive reprisal for the assassination by Czech underground fighters of Reinhard Heydrich (Heydrich, Reinhard) (“Heydrich the Hangman”), deputy leader of the SS. On June 9, five days after Heydrich died of bomb injuries, the SS rounded up Lidice's inhabitants. The 172 men were shot the next day. The women, except for 7 who were shot on the spot or who had been shot earlier trying to flee, were transported to the Ravensbrück concentration camp, where 49 died (7 by gas) and 3 “disappeared.” The 90 children, after one had been shot running away, were screened and found “racially pure” and were dispersed through Germany to be renamed and raised as Germans. Local miners (19 men) who were missed on the first round were executed later in Prague. When the massacre and deportation were complete, the SS burned Lidice, dynamited what was left standing, and leveled the debris.

      A similar devastation—albeit on a larger scale—occurred two years to the day after the Lidice massacre at the French village of Oradour-sur-Glane.

      In 1947 a new village site was designated nearby. A museum, with a monument and an international rose garden, marks the site of the original village.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lidice — Lidice …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lídice — Lídice, destruida. Imagen de 1942. Lídice (Lidice en checo, Liditz en alemán) es un poblado de Checoslovaquia (actualmente República Checa), hoy recordado por haber sido completamente destruido, a instancias de Hitler, por las fuerzas n …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lidice —   [ tsɛ], früher deutsch Liditz, Ort im Mittelböhmischen Gebiet, Tschechische Republik, etwa 500 Einwohner.   Geschichte:   Lidice wurde am 10. 6. 1942 von der SS als Repressalie für das Attentat auf R …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lidice — Lȉdice ž mn DEFINICIJA pov. naselje kraj Kladna (Češka), 500 stan., u 2. svjetskom ratu razoreno, stanovništvo pobijeno, odvedeno u logore (odmazda SS trupa za ubojstvo R. Heydricha) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Lidice — Geobox | Settlement name = Lidice native name = other name = category = Village image caption = Museum symbol = etymology = official name = motto = nickname = country = Czech Republic country state = region = Central Bohemian region type = Region …   Wikipedia

  • Lidice — 50° 08′ 40″ N 14° 12′ 01″ E / 50.1444, 14.2003 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lídice — Infobox Settlement official name = Lídice native name = pushpin mapsize =200px subdivision type = Country subdivision name = Panama subdivision type1 = Province subdivision name1 = Panamá leader title = leader name = established title =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lidice — Sp Lidicė Ap Lidice L Čekija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Lidicė — Sp Lidicė Ap Lidice L Čekija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Lidice — Original name in latin Ldice Name in other language Lidice, Ldice State code PA Continent/City America/Panama longitude 8.75 latitude 79.9 altitude 107 Population 4059 Date 2012 01 19 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”