Leucas

Leucas
/looh"keuhs/, n.
Levkas.

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Modern Greek  Levkás,  also called  Levkádhia,  

      Greek island in the Ionian Sea, forming with the island of Meganísi the nomós (department) of Levkás. The 117-sq-mi (303-sq-km) island is a hilly mass of limestone and bituminous shales culminating in the centre in Mt. Eláti (3,799 ft [1,158 m]). The chief town, Levkás, lies at the northeastern corner, which in antiquity was separated by a marshy isthmus. It was formerly called Amaxíkhi or Santa Maura; the latter is also the Venetian name for the island. Most of the population inhabit the wooded east coast and its valleys.

      Mycenaean remains at Nidhrí on the east coast testify to early occupation and convince some scholars that Leucas, not Ithaca, was the home of Odysseus. In the mid-7th century BC, Corinthian colonists established themselves just south of the present capital and dug a canal through the isthmus. Under Roman rule in the 2nd century BC, a stone bridge, of which there are some remains, was constructed to the main island. In 167 the Romans made Leucas a free city. During the 13th century AD the island was subject to the Despotate of Epirus, and in 1479 it was seized by the Turks. The island was alternately under Turkish and Venetian control until 1718, when it was formally ceded to Venice. After the 18th century it shared the political fortunes of the other Ionian islands under British rule. In 1864 it was restored to Greece.

      The island has suffered for centuries from severe earthquakes; those of 1867 and 1948 severely damaged the capital. Cape Leucatas at the southwestern tip of the island has fragments of the ruined temple of Apollo Leucatas; nearby are the 200-ft white cliffs that give the island its Greek name. In antiquity they served as a trial by ordeal (the “Leucadian leap”) for accused persons, survivors being picked up by boat. According to legend, Sappho, desperate with love, ended her life here. Economic activities include considerable olive-oil production but meagre cereal cultivation. The currant, introduced about 1859, has been one of the chief cash crops. Cotton, flax, tobacco, and valonia are produced, and much red wine is exported. In 1903 the isthmus was cut by a ship canal. Pop. (1981) 21,863.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEUCAS — et LEUCADIA Plin. et P. Melae l. 2. c. 3. Leucate Virg. Aen. l. 3. v. 274. et l. 8. v. 677. Leucates Strab. l. 10. p. 452. et 456. Neritis etiam Plin. l. 4. c. 1. ins. maris Ionii, orae Epiri occiduae adeo vicina, ut continenti iuncta videatur,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Leucas — bezeichnet: eine Gattung der Lippenblütler, siehe Leucas (Gattung) Leucas (Bithynien), eine antike Stadt in Bithynien in der Antike die griechische Insel Leukadia, heute Lefkada eine antike Stadt auf Leukadia, heute Lefkada (Stadt) Leucas… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leucas — may refer to:* Leucas , a genus from the family Lamiaceae. * Leucas , an English transliteration of the ancient Greek place name, Leukas (now Lefkada, Lefkas) …   Wikipedia

  • Leucas — puede referirse a: la isla de Leucas o Léucade el género de la familia Lamiceae llamado Leucas. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leucas [1] — Leucas (L. R. Br.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Labiatae Balloteae, 14. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Arten in China, Ostindien, Persien etc …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leucas [2] — Leucas (Leucadia, a. Geogr.), s. Leukas …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leucas — ID 47091 Symbol Key LEUCA3 Common Name leucas Family Lamiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution VI Growth Habit N/A Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Leucas R. Br. — Symbol LEUCA3 Common Name leucas Botanical Family Lamiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Leucas (género) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Leucas (género) Clasificación científica Reino …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leucas (Titularerzbistum) — Leucas (ital.: Leucade) ist ein Titularerzbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz auf der griechischen Insel Lefkada im Ionischen Meer. Titularerzbischöfe von Leucas Nr. Name Amt von bis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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