/leek/, n.
1. a plant, Allium ampeloprasum, of the amaryllis family, allied to the onion, having a cylindrical bulb and leaves used in cookery.
2. any of various allied species.
[bef. 1000; ME; OE leac; c. G Lauch, ON laukr]

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Hardy, vigorous, biennial plant (Allium porrum) of the lily family, native to the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East.

It has a mild, sweet, onionlike flavour. In Europe it is widely used in soups and stews and is cooked whole as a vegetable. It became the national emblem of Wales following an ancient victory by an army of Welshmen who wore leeks as a distinguishing sign. The long, narrow leaves and nearly cylindrical bulb of the first season are replaced in the second season by a tall solid stalk bearing leaves and a large umbel with many flowers.

Leek (Allium porrum)

G.R. Roberts

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 (species Allium ampeloprasum, variety porrum, sometimes called A. porrum), hardy, vigorous, biennial plant of the family Alliaceae. Related to the onion, it has a mild, sweet, onionlike flavour. The leek is widely used in European soups and stews, especially as a complement to potatoes, and it is cooked whole as a vegetable.

      The leek is native to eastern Mediterranean lands and the Middle East, where it was cultivated in ancient times. The Romans probably brought it to Europe and the British Isles. The vegetable became the national emblem of Wales following an ancient victory by an army of Welshmen who wore leeks as a distinguishing sign.

      In the plant's first season of growth, long linear leaves arise from a compressed stem or stem plate; the thick leaf bases overlap and are arranged concentrically in a nearly cylindrical bulb. The bulb is little if any larger at the base than at the neck. A tuft of fibrous, shallow roots grows from the base of the stem plate. In the second season, a tall solid stalk arises bearing leaves and a large globular umbel with many perfect flowers. The seeds are small, black, irregular, and angular.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leek — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • leek — (n.) culinary herb, O.E. læc (Mercian), leac (W.Saxon) leek, onion, garlic, from P.Gmc. *lauka (Cf. O.N. laukr leek, garlic, Dan. lèg, Swed. lök onion, O.S. lok leek, M.Du. looc, Du. look leek, garlic, O.H.G …   Etymology dictionary

  • Leek — (l[=e]k), n. [AS. le[ a]c; akin to D. look, G. lauch, OHG. louh, Icel. laukr, Sw. l[ o]k, Dan l[ o]g. Cf. {Garlic}.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Allium} ({Allium Porrum}), having broadly linear succulent leaves rising from a loose oblong… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leek — hat folgende Bedeutungen: eine Gemeinde in der Provinz Groningen, siehe Leek (Niederlande) eine Kleinstadt in der Grafschaft Staffordshire, siehe Leek (England) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEEK — (Heb. הָצִיר, ḥaẓir), vegetable. Allium porrum is mentioned among the vegetables of Egypt for which the children of Israel craved during their journey in the wilderness (Num. 11:5). This vegetable was popular with the Egyptians, sketches of it… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • leek — leek. См. луки. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Leek — (de), Dorf in der niederländischen Provinz Gröningen, 21/2 Stunden südwestlich von Gröningen. Dabei das fischreiche Leekster Meer, ein Landsee …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leek — (spr. līk), Stadt im Norden Staffordshires (England), auf einer Anhöhe über dem Churnet und an einem Zweige des Trent Merseykanals, mit gotischer Pfarrkirche (1867–75 restauriert), dem Nicholson Institut (Freibibliothek, Museum u. Kunstschule),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leek — (spr. lihk), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Stafford, (1901) 15.484 E.; Seidenspinnerei …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • leek — [li:k] n [: Old English; Origin: leac] a vegetable with a long white stem and long flat green leaves, which tastes like an onion …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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