La Salle

La Salle
/leuh sal"/; for 1, 2 also Fr. /lann sannl"/
1. (René) Robert Cavelier /rddeuh nay" rddaw berdd" kann veuh lyay"/, Sieur de, 1643-87, French explorer of North America.
2. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada: suburb of Montreal. 76,299.
3. a city in N Illinois. 10,347.

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      city, La Salle county, north-central Illinois, U.S. It lies on the Illinois River, about 90 miles (150 km) southwest of Chicago. With Peru (adjacent to the west) and Oglesby (southeast), La Salle forms a tri-city unit. The city was named for the French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, sieur (lord) de La Salle (La Salle, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur (lord) de), who built a fort nearby in 1682. Jacques Marquette (Marquette, Jacques) and Louis Jolliet (Jolliet, Louis) had passed through the area, then inhabited by Illinois Indians, in 1673. Founded in 1827, La Salle grew with the completion of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848) and the arrival in the 1850s of the Illinois Central and Rock Island railroads. La Salle's economy, formerly centred on coal mining and zinc, now depends largely on agriculture (primarily corn [maize] and soybeans), distribution, and the manufacture of chemicals and transmissions. Illinois Valley Community College (1924) is in Oglesby. The Hegeler-Carus Mansion (1874), built by Edward C. Hegeler (a partner in the Matthiessen and Hegeler Zinc Company), is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Starved Rock, Buffalo Rock, and Matthiessen state parks are nearby. The city is at the western end of the Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor, the first such corridor designated by the U.S. Congress (1982). Inc. 1852. Pop. (1990) 9,717; (2000) 9,796.

      city, Montréal region, southern Quebec province, Canada, on the south shore of Île de Montréal (Montreal Island), at the head of the Lachine Rapids of the St. Lawrence River. Settlement of the site began in 1668, when Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, established a fortified townsite first known as Saint-Sulpice and later as La Petite Chine, or Lachine. Surviving an Iroquois Indian massacre in 1689, the community grew as a trade junction and western terminus of the Lachine Canal, 8 miles (13 km) long, bypassing the Lachine Rapids, built in the 1820s. In the 1850s the Montreal Aqueduct was built through the town from Lac Saint-Louis to serve the growing metropolis to the north. The origin of the name La Salle dates to 1912, when a group of townspeople moved to the modern site of Lachine, taking that name with them and allowing the old town of Lachine to become incorporated as a city under the name of its founder, La Salle. Following World War II, La Salle was engulfed by the spread of Montreal (in 1959 it joined the Montreal Metropolitan Corporation) and became primarily a residential suburb. Among the products manufactured there are alcoholic beverages, food products, roofing materials, plastics, chemicals, fabricated steel, pharmaceuticals, boxes, and heating and cooling equipment. Fleming Mill, a four-story conical windmill built in 1816, is a city landmark. La Salle is linked to Caughnawaga, on the south bank of the St. Lawrence, by the Honoré-Mercier Bridge. Inc. 1912. Pop. (1991) 73,804.

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Universalium. 2010.

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