/lay"ish/, n.
a county in Leinster, in the central Republic of Ireland. 51,169; 623 sq. mi. (1615 sq. km). County seat: Port Laoighise. Also called Leix.

* * *

also spelled  Laois,  or  Leix 
 county in the province of Leinster, east-central Ireland, formerly called Queen's county. It is bounded by Counties Offaly (north and west), Kildare (east), Carlow and Kilkenny (south), and Tipperary (southwest). The county consists mainly of the valleys of the upper Nore and upper Barrow (Barrow, River) rivers. Within the county are the greater part of the Slieve Bloom, a range of mountains reaching 1,732 feet (528 metres) at Arderin, and the northern part of the Castlecomer Plateau. The county seat is Portlaoighise (Portlaoise). Most of the county is lowland between the Slieve Bloom and the Castlecomer Plateau. More than four-fifths of the county is improved land.

      More than one-third of the county's population lives in towns and villages. The county council is centred in Portlaoighise. Many of the farms in Laoighis range from about 70 to 80 acres (28 to 32 hectares) in size, and about three-fifths of the county's land area is permanent pasture, one-fifth bog, and one-fifth crops. Wheat, barley, turnips, and sugar beets are among the county's most important crops. Dairying, pig production, and beef cattle provide significant sources of income. There is sheep rearing in the Slieve Bloom, where there are also forestry plantations. The county also has light industry that includes woodworking and pharmaceuticals. A branch of the Grand Canal was built through Portarlington to Mountmellick in the early 19th century. The main railway line to Cork from Dublin passes through Portarlington (which has a branch to Portlaoighise).

      The name of the county is derived from Ui Laoighis, the tribe name of the O'Moore clan. The county was divided among seven septs, or clans, after the Anglo-Normans settled the area. Throughout much of the following centuries, war between English forces and the various clans ravaged the territory. In 1556, during the reign of Queen Mary (Mary I), the British Parliament officially named the area Queen's county. With the rise of Irish nationalism in the 20th century, its ancient name was restored in 1920. Area 664 square miles (1,720 square km). Pop. (2002) 58,774; (2006) 67,059.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laoighis — [lā′ish] county in Leinster province, central Ireland: 664 sq mi (1,720 sq km); pop. 52,000: also sp. Laois …   English World dictionary

  • laoighis — ˈlāsh, ˈlēsh adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Laoighis county, Ireland : of or from County Laoighis, Ireland : of the kind or style prevalent in County Laoighis * * * /lay ish/, n. a county in Leinster, in the central Republic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Laoighis — or Leix or formerly Queen s geographical name county central Ireland in Leinster capital Portlaoighise area 664 square miles (1726 square kilometers), population 52,314 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Laoighis — Laoigh•is [[t]ˈleɪ ɪʃ[/t]] n. geg a county in Leinster, in the central Republic of Ireland. 53,270; 623 sq. mi. (1615 sq. km) Also called Leix …   From formal English to slang

  • Laoighis — /liʃ/ (say leesh) noun a county in central Republic of Ireland, in Leinster. 1719 km2. County town: Port Laoise. Irish, Laois. Formerly, Queen s County. Also, Leix …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Portlaoise — ▪ Laoighis, Ireland also called  Port Laoise (“Fort of the Descendants of Laois”)  or  Port Laoighise , formerly  Maryborough        county town (seat) of County Laoighis, Ireland, on the River Triogue. Established as Fort Protector during the… …   Universalium

  • Leix — (Laoighis o Laois) ► Condado del centro de Irlanda, prov. de Leinster; 1 719 km2 y 53 284 h. Cap., Port Laoise …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Laois-Offaly (Dáil Éireann constituency) — Dáil Éireann constituency infobox Name = Laois Offaly Entity = Ireland Year = 1921 TDs = 5 Counties = County Laois, County Offaly EP = EastLaois Offaly (formerly Leix Offaly and Laoighis Offaly ) is a constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the …   Wikipedia

  • Offaly — /aw feuh lee, of euh /, n. a county in Leinster, in the central Republic of Ireland. 51,829; 760 sq. mi. (1970 sq. km). Co. seat: Tullamore. * * * ▪ county, Ireland Irish  Uibh Fhailaí        county in the province of Leinster, central Ireland.… …   Universalium

  • Charlie McDonald — Charles „Charlie“ McDonald (* 11. Juni 1935 in Ballyroan, County Laois) ist ein ehemaliger irischer Politiker der Fine Gael. Biografie McDonald war von Beruf Landwirt. 1961 wurde er erstmals als Mitglied in den Senat (Seanad Éireann) gewählt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”