Lanfranc

Lanfranc
/lan"frangk/, n.
1005?-89, Italian Roman Catholic prelate and scholar in England: archbishop of Canterbury 1070-89.

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born с 1010, Pavia, Lombardy
died May 28, 1089, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.

Archbishop of Canterbury (1070–89).

An Italian scholar who settled in Normandy, he joined the Benedictine monastery of Bec and was made its prior. He became a trusted adviser of William I (the Conqueror), who made Lanfranc the first abbot of St. Stephen's at Caen and nominated him as archbishop of Canterbury after the Norman Conquest of England. Lanfranc reformed and reorganized the English church, asserted the primacy of Canterbury over York, and introduced the moral components of Gregorian reform. He uncovered a conspiracy against the king (1075), and he secured the succession for William II against Robert II (1087). Lanfranc was also a renowned scholar and theologian who was noted for his criticism of Berengar of Tours's teaching on the Eucharist.

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born c. 1005, Pavia, Lombardy
died May 28, 1089, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.

      Italian Benedictine who, as archbishop of Canterbury (1070–89) and trusted counsellor of William the Conqueror, was largely responsible for the excellent church–state relations of William's reign after the Norman Conquest of England.

      Originally a lawyer, Lanfranc won a reputation as a teacher at a school he established at Avranches, Normandy (1039–42). He then entered the Benedictine monastery at Bec, where, after three years of seclusion, he became prior and resumed teaching. He was at first an opponent of the marriage of William of Normandy to Matilda of Flanders (1053), but he and William were later reconciled and thereafter maintained a relationship of mutual respect. William made Lanfranc first abbot of St. Stephen's at Caen (c. 1063) and after the Conquest nominated him to the see of Canterbury as soon as the incumbent, Stigand, was deposed.

      Lanfranc embarked upon a successful reform and reorganization of the English Church. Although a firm supporter of papal sovereignty, he assisted William in maintaining the fullest possible independence for the English Church. At the same time he protected the church from royal and other secular influence. His concern for the separate responsibilities and prerogatives of state and church shaped a memorable ordinance that divided the ecclesiastical from the secular courts (c. 1076). His policy, in accord with that of the King, was to replace native English bishops with Normans, but he remained on friendly terms with Wulfstan of Worcester, the last of the Anglo-Saxon prelates. Perhaps his greatest service to the King was his detection in 1075 of the conspiracy formed against him by the earls of Norfolk and Hereford. On the death of the Conqueror in 1087, Lanfranc secured the succession for William II Rufus, inducing the English militia to support him against the partisans of his elder brother, Robert II Curthose, Duke of Normandy.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lanfranc —   [englisch lænfræȖk], scholastischer Theologe, * Pavia um 1005, ✝ Canterbury 28. 5. 1089; Lehrer der freien Künste und des kanonischen Rechts; trat 1042 in das Kloster Bec (Normandie) ein und leitete die Klosterschule (Schüler u. a. Anselm von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lanfranc — Lanfranc, berühmter Scholastiker und Kirchenpolitiker, geb. 1005 in Pavia, gest. 24. Mai 1089, lebte als Rechtsanwalt in seiner Vaterstadt, bis er aus politischen Gründen verbannt wurde, trat 1042 in das Kloster zu Bec in der Normandie, dessen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lanfranc — Lanfranc, Scholastiker, geb. um 1005 zu Pavia, gest. 28. Mai 1089 als Erzbischof von Canterbury, vertrat als Primas von England die Rechte des Staates dem Papste gegenüber, bewirkte durch Bekämpfung der Abendmahlslehre Berengars (s.d.) von Tours… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lanfranc — (Langfrang), berühmter Scholastiker, geb. 1005 zu Pavia, lehrte 1042–62 an der Klosterschule zu Bec in der Normandie, wurde 1062 Abt zu Caen, st. 1089 als Erzbischof von Canterbury. Sehr gelehrt, Gegner des Berengar von Tours, ein ebenso… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Lanfranc — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = Lanfranc birth name = Lanfranc began=unknown consecration = August 15, 1070 term end = May 24, 1089 predecessor = Stigand successor = Anselm of Canterbury birth date = death date = May 24, 1089 tomb =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lanfranc — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lanfranc (homonymie). Lanfranc du Bec avec, à ses pieds, Bérenger de Tours qui soutient que la présence du Christ dans l Eucharistie est purement symbolique et à qui Lanfran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lanfranc — Lanfrank von Bec (* um 1010 in Pavia; † 28. Mai 1089 in Canterbury) war Theologe, Prior der Einsiedlergemeinschaft Le Bec und Erzbischof von Canterbury. Leben Lanfrank stammte aus einer vornehmen Familie in Pavia und studierte an verschiedenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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