- land bridge
1. Geol. an actual or hypothetical strip of land, subject to submergence, that connects adjacent continental landmasses and serves as a route of dispersal for plants and animals: a prehistoric land bridge between Asia and North America.2. a transcontinental rail route between countries, as those in Europe and the Far East, considered faster and less costly than all-sea routes.Also, landbridge /land"brij'/.[1895-1900]
* * *▪ isthmusany of several isthmuses that have connected the Earth's major landmasses at various times, with the result that many species of plants and animals have extended their ranges to new areas. A land bridge that had a profound effect on the fauna of the New World extended from Siberia to Alaska during most of the Tertiary and Quaternary periods (beginning approximately 65 million years ago), with some interruptions. Across this strip of land passed a number of organisms of Old World origin, including Homo sapiens.Another important land bridge, the Isthmus of Panama (Panama, Isthmus of), was submerged during most of the Tertiary, with the result that the faunas of North and South America evolved largely separately, except during the Pliocene Epoch (from about 5 million to 2 million years ago) for periods of several hundred thousand years, when the isthmus was elevated.
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