/gwahng"jooh"/, n.
a city in SW South Korea. 502,753.

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formerly Koshu

City (pop., 2000: 1,350,948), southwestern South Korea, capital of South Chŏlla province.

It occupies an area of 193 sq mi (501 sq km) and constitutes a metropolitan city (province) by itself. It has been a centre of trade and local administration since the Three Kingdoms (с 57 BC); its modern industrial development began with a railway connection to Seoul in 1914. Kwangju was the site of an armed uprising between civilians and the government in 1980. It is the seat of Chosŏn University (founded 1946).

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also spelled  Gwangju,  

      city and provincial capital, South Chŏlla do (province), southwestern South Korea. It has the status of a special city (area 193 square miles [501 square km]) under the direct control of the home minister, with administrative status equal to that of a province. An old city on the edge of the mountainous area of South Chŏlla province, it has been a centre of trade and of local administration since the time of the Three Kingdoms (about 57 BC). Modern industries, including cotton textiles, breweries, and rice mills, began with the building of a railway from Seoul in 1914. During the Korean War (1950–53) Kwangju's suburbs became a major military-training centre. From 1967, with the construction of an industrial zone centring on an automobile factory, the city developed rapidly. Developments included storage and processing facilities for agricultural products. Kwangju was the site of an armed uprising against the newly installed military government of Chun Doo Hwan in May 1980 that was suppressed with more than 140 civilian deaths.

      Kwangju is a transportation junction of southwestern Korea, and it connects with Seoul in the north and Pusan to the east by air, rail, and road. Chosŏn University (1946) and several other colleges are there. The city has many historical remains, and there are old temples and tombs in the surrounding hills. Pop. (1990) 1,139,003.

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Universalium. 2010.

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