Kurgan

Kurgan
/koor gahn"/; Russ. /koohrdd gahn"/, n.
a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ural Mountains. 310,000.

* * *

Russia
      city and administrative centre of Kurgan oblast (region), west-central Russia, on the Tobol River. In 1553 the fortified settlement of Tsaryovo Gorodishche was founded on a large ancient tumulus or artificial mound (Russian kurgan); it became a town in 1782, and by the late 19th century it was the focus of the surrounding farming area, especially after the building of the railways to Omsk, Chelyabinsk, and Yekaterinburg. The Tobol River, which is frozen from November until May, is navigable the rest of the year and links Kurgan to the Ob-Irtysh system. Agricultural and other machinery, medical preparations, and a wide range of foodstuffs are produced by local industries. The city has agricultural, teacher-training, and machine-building institutes. Pop. (2006 est.) 329,981.

      oblast (region), west-central Russia, on the southern edge of the West Siberian Plain, in the Tobol Basin. It is a level plain with innumerable small lakes, often saline, in shallow depressions. The steppe-grass vegetation has been largely ploughed up, and many shelter belts of trees have been planted; in the north are extensive birch groves. Agriculture, greatly extended in the Virgin and Idle Lands campaign of the 1950s, dominates the economy. Spring wheat is the main crop, with rye, oats, and corn (maize), as well as vegetables, of some significance. Dairy farming is common in the north and sheep farming in the drier south. The towns, except Kurgan, the oblast headquarters, are small and concerned chiefly with processing agricultural produce. Area 27,400 square miles (71,000 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 979,908.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kurgan — ( ru. курган) is the Russian word (of Turkic origin [specifically of Tatar original according to the OED. TDK Dictionary: [http://www.tdk.gov.tr/TR/SozBul.aspx?F6E10F8892433CFFAAF6AA849816B2EF05A79F75456518CA Kelime=kurgan Kurgan] ; The word… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurgan — steht für: Kurgan (Grabhügel), ein großer aufgeschütteter kegelförmiger Grabhügel, auch „Tumulus“ genannt Kurgan (Stadt), eine Stadt in der Oblast Kurgan im Südwesten Sibiriens, Russland Oblast Kurgan, eine Verwaltungseinheit des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kurgán — puede referirse a: La ciudad rusa de Kurgán. Kurgán (Курган), término ruso que significa túmulo. La ciudad ucraniana de Kurgan. La cultura de los kurganes, que hace referencia a ciertos pueblos de Europa Oriental y Asia Central desde el IV… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kurgan — Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans Highlander Alias Victor Kruger Naissance 1000 av jc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kurgan — kùrgān m <G kurgána> DEFINICIJA velika i visoka grobna humka na području I Evrope i Z Azije, različitih dimenzija, iz raznih vremena i kultura ETIMOLOGIJA rus. kurgán ← mong …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kurgan [1] — Kurgan, die Todtenhügel im südlichen Rußland, welche theils aus der scythischen, theils aus der türkisch tatarischen Zeit herstammen u. von denen mehrere in neuester Zeit von russischen Alterthumsforschern eröffnet worden sind …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kurgan [2] — Kurgan (Kurgansk), 1) Kreis im russischen Gouvernement Tobolsk (Westsibirien), am Tobol, eben, fruchtbar, holzreich; 450 QM. u. 150,000 Ew., meist Russen u. Kosacken; hat die Itschimische Festungslinie; 2) Hauptstadt darin, am Tobol, 1782… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kurgan — Kurgan, Kreisstadt im russisch sibir. Gouv. Tobolsk, am Tobol, in fruchtbarer Gegend, hat vier große Messen, ist seit der Eröffnung der Sibirischen Bahn im Aufschwung begriffen und hat (1897) 10,579 Einw. Die Stadt ist benannt nach den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kurgán — (türk. korgan, »Festung«), vorgeschichtliche runde Hügel oder Kegelgräber in Zentralasien, Sibirien, im östl. und südl. Rußland, in der Bukowina, Rumänien, Bulgarien, enthalten oft kostbare Geräte …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kurgán [2] — Kurgán, Kreisstadt im russ. sibir. Gouv. Tobolsk, am Tobol, 10.781 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • kùrgān — m 〈G kurgána〉 velika i visoka grobna humka na području I Evrope i Z Azije, različitih dimenzija, iz raznih vremena i kultura ✧ {{001f}}rus. ← mong …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”