Klabund

Klabund
/klah boont"/, n.
(Alfred Henschke) 1890?-1928, German poet, novelist, and playwright.

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▪ German writer
pseudonym of  Alfred Henschke  
born Nov. 4, 1890, Crossen, Ger.
died Aug. 14, 1928, Davos, Switz.

      Expressionist (Expressionism) poet, playwright, and novelist who influenced German literature with his adaptations and translations of Oriental literature. Notable among his free, imaginative renderings of Chinese, Japanese, and Persian literature are Li-tai-pe (1916), Lao-tse (1921), and Der Kreidekreis (1924; The Circle of Chalk), a drama that inspired the German playwright Bertolt Brecht (Brecht, Bertolt) to write his play Der kaukasische Kreidekreis (The Caucasian Chalk Circle).

      A consumptive who spent many years in sanatoriums, Henschke identified with the eternally seeking wandering poet and called himself Klabund, a name derived from Klabautermann (“hobgoblin”) and Vagabund (“vagabond”). Restlessness and versatility characterize his work. He composed poetry in a variety of forms, and he created a new prose form, the “Expressionist novella.” Notable in this genre are his autobiographical “novels of longing,” with themes of sickness and love; biographical “novels of passion,” with sensual portraits of historical figures (e.g., Pjotr, 1923; Peter the Czar); and his greatest achievements in prose, two “novels of fulfillment”—Bracke (1918; Brackie, the Fool) and Borgia (1928; The Incredible Borgias).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Klabund — (* 4. November 1890 in Crossen an der Oder; † 14. August 1928 in Davos; eigentlich Alfred Henschke) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Klabund — en 1928. Klabund, de son véritable nom Alfred Henschke (Crossen an der Oder, 4 novembre 1890 – Davos, 14 août 1928), est un écrivain et poète allemand …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Klabund — Alfred Henschke (November 4 1890 – August 14 1928), better known by his pseudonym Klabund, was a German writer. LifeKlabund, born Alfred Henscke in 1890 in Krossen, was the son of an apothecary. At the age of 16 he came down with tuberculosis,… …   Wikipedia

  • Klabund — (Alfred Henschke, 1890 1928)    Playwright. Klabund is best known for his novels, but his dramatic adaptation from the Chinese of Der Kreidekreis (The Chalk Circle, 1925) was the basis of Bertolt Brecht s Derkaukasische Kreidekreis (The Caucasian …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Klabund — Klabụnd,   eigentlich Alfred Hẹnschke, Pseudonym auch Jucundus Fröhlich, Schriftsteller, * Crossen (Oder) 4. 11. 1890, ✝ Davos 14. 8. 1928. Bereits mit 16 Jahren an Tuberkulose erkrankt, war er zu häufigem Aufenthalt in Sanatorien gezwungen,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Klabund — patronymische Bildungen litauischen Ursprungs zu einer verkürzten Form von Nikolaus. Unter dem Pseudonym Klabund veröffentlichte der deutsche Schriftsteller Alfred Henschke (19./20.Jh.) seine Arbeiten …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Klabund — pseud. di Henschke, Alfred …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Klabund —    см. Клабунд …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Klabund — /klah boont /, n. (Alfred Henschke) 1890? 1928, German poet, novelist, and playwright …   Useful english dictionary

  • КЛАБУНД (Klabund) — (наст. имя Альфред Геншке) (1890 1928) немецкий писатель. Сборники стихов Утренняя заря (1913), Трезвучие (1919) Горячее сердце (1923). Романы Моро (1915), Петр (1923, о Петре I Великом). Драма Меловой круг (1924, по китайским мотивам, переделана …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

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