jongleur

jongleur
/jong"gleuhr/; Fr. /zhawonn gluerdd"/, n., pl. jongleurs /-gleuhrz/; Fr. /-gluerdd"/.
(in medieval France and Norman England) an itinerant minstrel or entertainer who sang songs, often of his own composition, and told stories. Cf. goliard.
[1755-65; < F; MF jougleur (perh. by misreading, ou being read on), OF jogleor < L joculator joker, equiv. to jocula(ri) to JOKE + -tor -TOR]

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Professional storyteller or public entertainer in medieval France.

His roles included those of musician, juggler, acrobat, and reciter of literary works. Jongleurs performed in marketplaces on public holidays, in abbeys, and in castles of nobles, who sometimes retained them in permanent employment. Jongleurs were most important in the 13th century; in the 14th century, the various facets of their role were taken over by other performers. See also goliard; trouvère.

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▪ French public entertainer
 professional storyteller or public entertainer in medieval France, often indistinguishable from the trouvère. The role of the jongleur included that of musician, juggler, and acrobat, as well as reciter of such literary works as the fabliaux, chansons de geste, lays, and other metrical romances that were sometimes of his own composition. Jongleurs performed in marketplaces on public holidays, in abbeys, and in castles of nobles, who sometimes retained them in permanent employment. In such a case the jongleur became known as a ménestrel (minstrel) and devoted more of his time to literary creation than to entertainment. Fraternities of jongleurs became known as puys, groups that held competitions for lyric poets. The jongleur reached the height of his importance in the 13th century but lapsed into decline in the 14th, when various facets of his complex role disseminated among other performers—e.g., musicians, actors, and acrobats.

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  • Jongleur — de rue avec anneaux Un jongleur est une personne qui manipule les choses avec précaution. Ceci s’applique aux mots, autant qu’aux chiffres, aux notes de musique ou à toutes autres sortes d’objets. Le terme est forgé au Moyen Âge du latin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jongleur — Jon gleur, Jongler Jon gler, n. [F. jongleur. See {Juggler}.] [1913 Webster] 1. In the Middle Ages, a court attendant or other person who, for hire, recited or sang verses, usually of his own composition. See {Troubadour}. [1913 Webster] Vivacity …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jongleur — Sm erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. jongleur, dieses aus l. ioculātor Spaßmacher , einem Nomen agentis zu l. ioculārī scherzen, schäkern , zu l. ioculus Späßchen , einem Diminutivum zu l. iocus Scherz, Spaß . Die Herkunft der… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Jongleur — ist eine jonglierende Person, siehe Jonglieren eine Bootsklasse, siehe Jongleur (Bootsklasse) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • jongleur — (n.) wandering minstrel, 1779, from Norman French jongleur, variant of O.Fr. jogleor, from L. ioculator jester, joker (see JUGGLER (Cf. juggler)). Revived in a technical sense by modern writers …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jongleur — »Geschicklichkeitskünstler«: Das Substantiv ist bereits im 18. Jh. bezeugt, während das Verb jonglieren erst im 19./20. Jh. erscheint. Quelle ist frz. jongleur (bzw. frz. jongler), das selbst auf lat. ioculator »Spaßmacher« (vgl. ↑ Jux)… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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  • Jongleur — (franz., spr. schong glör, mittellat. joculator, provenzal. joglar, altfranz. jogleor), bei den Provenzalen und Nordfranzosen Bezeichnung für Spielleute, ausübende Künstler, die aus Gesang, Musik und Erzählung ein Gewerbe machten (im Gegensatz zu …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • jongleur — (izg. žònglēr) m DEFINICIJA v. žongler ETIMOLOGIJA fr …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • jongleur — dient les Picards, que nous appelons Basteleur, Ludius, Usez des formules de Basteleur …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

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