/jer"beuh/, n.

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also spelled  Jarbah  or  Djerba 

      island situated in the Gulf of Gabes (Gabes, Gulf of) on the Mediterranean Sea, located off the Tunisian mainland, to which it is connected by a causeway almost 4 miles (6 km) long. Jerba island is about 17 miles (27 km) long by 16 miles (26 km) wide and has an area of 197 square miles (510 square km). The island was known to ancient geographers as the “land of the lotus eaters” and was originally settled by the Romans. After being conquered by the Arabs in 655 and made a dependency of Tunis and Kairouan (Al-Qayrawān), it passed back and forth between Sicilian, Norman, and Ḥafṣid (Ḥafṣid dynasty) control from the 12th to the 15th century. After several unsuccessful attempts by the Spanish to take the island in the 16th century, it passed under Ottoman control until the arrival of the French in the late 19th century. Jerba island, now a part of Tunisia, is noted for its orchards (especially dates and olives), fishing (sponges and oysters), woolens and blankets, and pottery. Its fine beaches and international airport have also made it a popular tourist resort. Ḥawmat al-Sūq is the principal town and chief market centre, and Ajīm is the main port. The population is mostly Amazigh ( Berber) in origin; there also remains a portion of the island's once significant Jewish community, which was one of the oldest in the world. A small proportion of the population belongs to the Kharijite (Khārijite) sect of Islam. Pop. (2004) 139,517.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • jerbă — JÉRBĂ, jerbe, s.f. 1. Buchet mare de flori, aşezate în aşa fel încât să aibă faţa orientată în aceeaşi parte. 2. (fiz.; în sintagma) Jerbă nucleară = fascicul de urme ale particulelor provenite din dezintegrarea unui nucleu atomic în nenumărate… …   Dicționar Român

  • Jerba —    This is an island located off the southeastern Tunisian coast in the Gulf of Gabes. It has a population of 110,000, and its area is 510 square kilometers. Some historical sources have identified it with the land of the lotus eaters in Homer s… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Jerba — Djerba Djerba جربة (ar) Carte topographique de l île …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jerba — Djerba ou Jerba île de Tunisie, au S. du golfe de Gabès; 510 km²; 92 270 hab.; ch. l. Houmt Souk. Vaste oliveraie et palmeraie au climat agréable. Aéroport intern. Tourisme. Ce serait l île des Lotophages de l Odyssée. Jerba V. Djerba …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jerba Sun Club — (Мезрая,Тунис) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Zone Touristique, Sidi Mahrez, 4116 М …   Каталог отелей

  • Jerba Berber — Jerba Djerbi Spoken in Tunisia Native speakers ?  (date missing) Language family Afro Asiatic …   Wikipedia

  • Jerba Ajim — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Jerba Ajim Country and Admin Code TN.28.7911270 TN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Jerba Midoun — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Jerba Midoun Country and Admin Code TN.28.7911269 TN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Jerba — or Djerba or Jarbah geographical name island SE Tunisia in the Mediterranean at entrance to Gulf of Gabès area 197 square miles (510 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jerba — Topografische Karte von Djerba Sonnenaufgang am Meer vor einem Touristenhotel auf Djerba Djerba ([dʒ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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