isocyanide

isocyanide
/uy'seuh suy"euh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem.
a compound containing an isocyano group. Also called carbylamine.
[1875-80; ISO- + CYANIDE]

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also called  Isonitrile or Carbylamine,  

      any of a class of organic compounds having the molecular structure R−N+ ≡ C, in which R is a combining group derived by removal of a hydrogen atom from an organic compound. The isocyanides are isomers of the nitriles; (nitrile) they were discovered in 1867 but have never achieved any large-scale utility. They are usually prepared from primary amines by treatment with chloroform and alkali and often are obtained as minor products in the synthesis of nitriles from metal cyanides and organic halogen compounds. They possess remarkably powerful and repulsive odours.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isocyanide — Isocyanide,   früher Isonitrile, chemische Verbindungen mit der allgemeinen Formel R N≡C, wobei R ein Alkyl oder ein Arylrest sein kann. Die Isocyanide sind farblose, meist widerlich riechende, giftige Flüssigkeiten, die man aus primären Aminen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Isocyanide — Isocyanide, s. Karbylamine …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Isocyanide — An isocyanide (also called an isonitrile [According to IUPAC s meaning of nitrile and cyanide the only correct name for R N≡C is isocyanide. The term nitrile denotes the triply bound N atom, not the carbon atom attached to it and cyanide denotes… …   Wikipedia

  • isocyanide — “+ noun Etymology: is + cyanide : any of a class of compounds that are isomeric with the normal cyanides, that have the structure RNC, and that are in general colorless volatile poisonous liquids of strong offensive odor phenyl isocyanide C6H5NC… …   Useful english dictionary

  • isocyanide — izocianidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė RNC atitikmenys: angl. carbylamine; isocyanide; isonitrile rus. изонитрил; изоцианид; карбиламин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • isocyanide — noun a) the isomer HNC of hydrocyanic acid HCN b) any of its hydrocarbyl derivatives RNC …   Wiktionary

  • isocyanide — The radical –NC; organic isocyanides are called isonitriles. * * * iso·cy·a·nide sī ə .nīd n any of a class of compounds that are isomeric with the normal cyanides, that have the structure RNC, and that are in general colorless volatile poisonous …   Medical dictionary

  • isocyanide — n. compound containing the isocyano group (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • isocyanide — noun Chemistry an organic compound containing the group ‒NC …   English new terms dictionary

  • isocyanide — iso·cyanide …   English syllables

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