/uy"euhrn wood'/, n.1. any of various trees yielding a hard, heavy wood, as the American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana, or Lyonothamnus floribundus, found on the islands off the coast of S California.2. the wood of any of these trees.[1650-60; IRON + WOOD1]
* * *Any of numerous trees and shrubs, found worldwide, that have exceptionally tough or hard wood useful for timber, fence posts, and tool handles.Species include the eastern, or American, hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), a small tree of northern Iran (Parrotia persica), and Ceylon ironwood (Mesua ferrea). Though these trees belong to different plant orders, all have bright yellow to orange and scarlet autumn foliage.
* * *city, Gogebic county, western Upper Peninsula of Michigan, U.S. Ironwood lies along the Montreal River at the Wisconsin border, some 90 miles (145 km) east of Duluth, Minn. It is the retail centre of a bistate urban complex in the Gogebic Range that includes the communities of Wakefield and Bessemer (Mich.) to the east and Hurley, Saxon, and Iron Belt (Wis.) to the west. The settlement was laid out in 1885 and named for iron dealer James R. (“Iron”) Wood. The Gogebic Range was formerly the site of a prosperous deep-shaft iron-mining industry. Iron mining, which reached its peak in 1920, ceased in 1967, and many miners shifted to work in the copper mines in adjacent Ontonagon county; most of those mines, however, had ceased operations by the mid-1990s. Ironwood's economy now relies upon lumber, tourism, food processing, and the manufacture of plastics, wood products, and clothing.Ironwood is the seat of Gogebic Community College (1932). It is headquarters for the Ottawa National Forest and is a recreation centre noted for its skiing (at nearby ski resorts). A statue of Hiawatha 52 feet (16 metres) high is an imposing city landmark. The Ironwood Historical Museum, located in the former Chicago and North Western (Chicago and North Western Transportation Company) railroad depot (1892), is one of several notable 19th-century structures in the city's downtown. Inc. village, 1887; city, 1889. Pop. (2000) 6,293; (2005 est.) 5,728.
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