/ee kee"ke/, n.
a seaport in N Chile. 64,900.

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      city, northern Chile. It is located on a rocky peninsula in the rainless Atacama Desert, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Its anchorage is protected from the open sea by the low, barren offshore island of Serrano, which is connected to the mainland by a stone causeway. Founded in the 16th century, the city was partially destroyed in 1868 and 1875 by earthquakes, but some wooden houses from that time still stand. During the desert's nitrate boom of the 19th and early 20th centuries, Iquique was Chile's major export port. Following the decline in nitrate prices during the 1930s and 1940s, the city stagnated.

      In an effort to revive the economy, modern port facilities have been installed and new industries established. Fish-meal plants and canneries are in operation. Guano on the coast and offshore islands is exploited, and salt deposits to the south are worked. New lands have been opened up by irrigation for the cultivation of fruits (especially citrus) and olives. Tourism, based on sport fishing and beach facilities, also contributes to the economy. Iquique is linked to other cities by the north-south Pan-American Highway and by railroad; it also has an airport. Pop. (2002) 164,396.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iquique — (spr. Ikike), Hafenstadt am Stillen Ocean in der Provinz Arequipa (Peru). In der Nähe große Guanolager …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Iquique — (spr. ikīke), Hauptstadt der chilen. Provinz Tarapacá, an einer geräumigen und sichern Bucht des Stillen Ozeans, unter 20°12 südl Br., in einer öden, wasserlosen Salzsteppe, zu der das Trinkwasser aus der 160 km entfernten Kordillere geleitet… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Iquique — (spr. ikīke), Hauptstadt der chilen. Prov. Tarapaca, (1902) 42.788 E.; Ausfuhrhafen von Salpeter, Iod, Silberbarren, Borax …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Iquique — es una ciudad de Chile, capital de la I Región de Tarapacá. La superficie territorial de la comuna alcanza 2.853,3 km2. Su población, conforme al censo de 2002, es de 216.419 habitantes. Integra junto con las comunas de Alto Hospicio, Huara,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Iquique —   [i kike], Hauptstadt der Region Tarapacá, Chile, im Großen Norden, an der Küste, 159 800 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; archäologisch ethnologisches Museum; Fischfang und verarbeitung (Gefrierfisch, Konserven, Fischmehl und öl),… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Iquique — [ē kē′ke] seaport in N Chile: pop. 153,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Iquique — En este artículo se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Necesita ser wikificado conforme a las convenciones de estilo de Wikipedia. Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. Requiere una revisión ortográfica y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iquique — 20.213888888889 70.1525 Koordinaten: 20° 13′ S, 70° 9′ W Iquique …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iquique — Infobox Settlement official name = Iquique other name = native name = nickname = motto = imagesize = 250px image caption = Iquique image flag size = seal size = image shield = shield size = blank emblem size = mapsize = map caption = pushpin… …   Wikipedia

  • Iquique — 20° 14′ 10″ S 70° 08′ 08″ W / 20.236236, 70.13546 …   Wikipédia en Français

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