/in"yeuh lin/, n. Chem.
a polysaccharide, (C6H10O5)n, obtained from the roots of certain plants, esp. elecampane, dahlia, and Jerusalem artichoke, that undergoes hydrolysis to the dextrorotatory form of fructose: used chiefly as an ingredient in diabetic bread and as a reagent in diagnosing kidney function. Also called alant starch.
[1805-15; < NL Inul(a) a genus of plants (L: elecampane) + -IN2]

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      polysaccharide that is a commercial source of the sugar fructose. It occurs in many plants of the family Asteraceae (Compositae), particularly in such roots and tubers as the dahlia and the Jerusalem artichoke. Inulin forms a white, crystalline powder that is as sweet as sucrose. The inulin molecule is a small, inert polysaccharide that readily passes through the digestive system and remains neutral to cellular activity. Because it is not absorbed by the body, it is used to sweeten foods consumed by diabetic patients.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Inulin — In u*lin, n. [From NL. {Inula Helenium}, the elecampane: cf. F. inuline.] (Chem.) A substance of very wide occurrence. It is found dissolved in the sap of the roots and rhizomes of many composite and other plants, as {Inula}, {Helianthus},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Inulin — (Chem.), so v.w. Alantin, s. Alant 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Inulīn — (Helenin, Dahlin, Synantherin) C6H10O5 findet sich im Safte der unterirdischen Organe zwei und mehrjähriger Kompositen, am reichlichsten im Herbst, und schwindet im Frühjahr mit der Entwickelung der Triebe, spielt also, wie so häufig das isomere… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Inulin — Inulīn, Dahlin, eine dem Stärkemehl ähnliche Substanz der Kompositenwurzeln (Inula, Georgine, Zichorie), weißes kristallinisches, geschmackloses Pulver; wird beim Kochen mit Wasser oder besser verdünnten Säuren in Fruchtzucker übergeführt, dient… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • inulin — inùlīn m <G mn inulína> DEFINICIJA ugljikohidrat, sličan škrobu, nalazi se u korijenju glavočika, npr. omana (Inula helenium) ETIMOLOGIJA lat. inul (a): oman + in …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • inulin — [in′yo͞olin] n. [< ModL Inula, genus of plants (< L inula, ELECAMPANE) + IN1] a white, starchlike polysaccharide which yields fructose, and glucose when hydrolyzed: found in the roots and tubers of many composite plants …   English World dictionary

  • Inulin — Not to be confused with insulin. Inulin Identifiers CAS number …   Wikipedia

  • Inulin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Inulin Andere Namen Alantstä …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • inulin — A fructose polysaccharide from the rhizome of Inula helenium or elecampane (family Compositae) and other plants; used by intravenous injection, where it is filtered by the renal glomeruli but not re absorbed and thus can be used to determine the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Inulin — Inu|lin 〈n. 11; unz.; Biochem.〉 aus Fructosemolekülen aufgebautes Reservekohlenhydrat, für die Diabetikerdiät von Bedeutung [zu lat. inula „Alant“] * * * I|nu|lin [nlat. Inula = Alant (Bot.); ↑ in (3)], das; s, e; Syn.: Alantstärke, (2 →1) β D… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • inulin — Dahlin Dah lin (d[aum] l[i^]n), n. [From {Dahlia}.] (Chem.) A variety of starch extracted from the dahlia; called also {inulin}. See {Inulin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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