intonation

intonation
intonational, adj.
/in'toh nay"sheuhn, -teuh-/, n.
1. the pattern or melody of pitch changes in connected speech, esp. the pitch pattern of a sentence, which distinguishes kinds of sentences or speakers of different language cultures.
2. the act or manner of intonating.
3. the manner of producing musical tones, specifically the relation in pitch of tones to their key or harmony.
4. something that is intoned or chanted.
5. the opening phrase in a Gregorian chant, usually sung by one or two voices.
[1610-20; < ML intonation- (s. of intonatio). See INTONATE, -ION]

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In phonetics, the melodic pattern of an utterance.

Intonation is primarily a matter of variation in the pitch level of the voice (see tone), but in languages such as English, stress and rhythm are also involved. Intonation conveys differences of expressive meaning (e.g., surprise, doubtfulness). In many languages, including English, intonation serves a grammatical function, distinguishing one type of phrase or sentence from another. Thus, "it's gone" is an assertion when spoken with a drop in pitch at the end, but a question when spoken with a rise in pitch at the end.

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speech
      in phonetics, the melodic pattern of an utterance. Intonation is primarily a matter of variation in the pitch level of the voice (see also tone), but in such languages as English, stress and rhythm are also involved. Intonation conveys differences of expressive meaning (e.g., surprise, anger, wariness).

      In many languages, including English, intonation serves a grammatical function, distinguishing one type of phrase or sentence from another. Thus, “Your name is John,” beginning with a medium pitch and ending with a lower one (falling intonation), is a simple assertion; “Your name is John?”, with a rising intonation (high final pitch), indicates a question.

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  • Intonation — Intonation …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • intonation — [ ɛ̃tɔnasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1372; du lat. intonare « faire retentir » 1 ♦ Hauteur à laquelle est joué ou chanté un son. Intonation fausse, juste. Liturg. Partie initiale de la psalmodie dans le chant grégorien. Par ext. Action d entonner. Intonation d …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Intonation — steht für: Intonation (Musik), die Feinabstimmung von Lautstärke, Klangfarbe, Tonhöhe und anderen Parametern einzelner Töne bei Musikinstrumenten und beim Gesang oder ganz allgemein eine kurze Einleitung eines Musikstückes. Intonation (Psalmodie) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Intonation — may refer to:*Intonation (linguistics), the variation of tone used when speaking *Intonation (music), a musician s realization of pitch accuracy, or the pitch accuracy of a musical instrument *Intonation Music Festival, held in Chicago …   Wikipedia

  • Intonation — In to*na tion, n. [Cf. F. intonation. See {Intone}.] 1. (Mus.) (a) The act of sounding the tones of the musical scale. (b) Singing or playing in good tune or otherwise; as, her intonation was false. (c) Reciting in a musical prolonged tone;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intonation — INTONATION. s. f. Maniere d entonner un chant. Il ne se dit ordinairement que des chants de l Eglise, Une mauvaise intonation. manquer à l intonation …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • intonation — 1610s, opening phrase of a melody, from Fr. intonation, from M.L. intonationem (nom. intonatio), from pp. stem of intonare (see INTONE (Cf. intone)). Meaning modulation of the voice in speaking is from 1791 …   Etymology dictionary

  • intonation — [in΄tō nā′shən, in΄tənā′shən] n. [ML intonatio] 1. the act of intoning 2. the quality of singing or playing tones in or out of tune with regard to a given standard of pitch 3. a) the opening words of a Gregorian chant b) the singing of these …   English World dictionary

  • Intonation — In to*na tion, n. [See 1st {Intonate}.] A thundering; thunder. [Obs.] Bailey. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Intonation — (lat.), im Gregorianischen Gesang der einleitende Gesang des Priesters beim Antiphonen , Psalmengesang etc. Die I. stellt die Tonart fest, in der sich die Melodie bewegt; sie ist verschieden an hohen und niedern Festtagen und gewöhnlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Intonation — (neulat.), die Art und Weise, wie der Ton erzeugt wird, bes. beim Gesang; in der kath. Kirche die vom Zelebranten vorzusingende Anfangstrophe eines Meßgesangs; intonieren, anstimmen, den Ton angeben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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