inositol

inositol
/i noh"si tawl', -tohl', uy noh"-/, n.
1. Biochem. a compound, C6H12O6, derivative of cyclohexane, widely distributed in plants and seeds as phytin, and occurring in animal tissue and in urine: an essential growth factor for animal life, present in the vitamin B complex.
2. Pharm. the commercial form of this compound, a white, sweet, crystalline solid, used chiefly to promote epithelialization of the cervix after infection or injury. Also called hexahydroxycyclohexane.
[1890-95; inosite ( < Gk in-, s. of ís fiber, sinew + -OSE2 + -ITE1) + -OL1]

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also called  Cyclohexanehexol,  

      any of several stereoisomeric alcohols similar in molecular structure to the simple carbohydrates. The best known of the inositols is myoinositol, named for its presence in muscle tissue, from which it was first obtained in 1850. Myoinositol is essential for the growth of yeasts and other fungi; it is widely distributed in plants and animals, and large amounts of it are present in the human body, principally as a constituent of a phospholipid that is abundant in the brain. Myoinositol is commonly obtained from grains, in which it is present as the hexaphosphate, phytic acid.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inositol — Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • inositol — i*no si*tol ([i^]*n[o^]s [i^]*t[o^]l), n. [Gr. i s, ino s, strength, muscle.] (Physiol. Chem.) A white crystalline substance ({C6H12O6}) with a sweet taste, widely distributed in certain animal tissues and fluids, particularly in the muscles of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • inositol — ● inositol nom masculin (grec is, inos, fibre) Facteur lipotrope appartenant au groupe des vitamines B et se trouvant dans les tissus cérébraux et musculaires. inosite [inozit] n. f. ou inositol [inozitɔl] n. m. ÉTYM. 1855, Nysten; du grec is,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • inositol — Isómero de la glucosa, muy abundante en las células vegetales y animales. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • inositol — [in′ō sīt΄i nō′sə tôl΄, i nō′sətōl΄, i nō′sətäl΄] n. [< Gr is (gen. inos), muscle, fiber, strength (see INION) + IT(E) + OL1] a sweet crystalline alcohol, C6H6 (OH) 6, existing in nine isomeric forms and found in both plant and animal tissues …   English World dictionary

  • Inositol — myo Inositol[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Inositol — Strukturformel myo Inosit Allgemeines Name Inosit Andere Namen Cyclohe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inositol — Estructura del inositol. Inositol o ciclohexan 1,2,3,4,5,6 hexol es un compuesto orgánico de fórmula a C6H12O6 o ( CHOH )6, un poliol del ciclohexano. Existen nueve posibles estereoisómeros, de los cuales el más común y más extendido en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • inositol — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from inosite inositol, from Greek in , is sinew + International Scientific Vocabulary 2 ose + 1 ite Date: 1891 any of several crystalline stereoisomeric cyclic alcohols C6H12O6; especially… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • inositol — A cyclic hexahydric alcohol with 6 possible isomers. The biologically active form is myo inositol …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • inositol — 1,2,3,4,5,6 Hexahydroxycyclohexane; a member of the vitamin B complex necessary for growth of yeast and of mice; absence from the diet causes alopecia and dermatitis in mice and “spectacle eyes” in rats. It occurs in a number of stereoisomeric… …   Medical dictionary

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