indole

indole
/in"dohl/, n. Chem.
a colorless to yellowish solid, C8H7N, having a low melting point and a fecal odor, found in the oil of jasmine and clove and as a putrefaction product from animals' intestines: used in perfumery and as a reagent.
[1865-70; IND- + -OLE2]

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also called  Benzopyrrole,  

      a heterocyclic organic compound occurring in some flower oils, such as jasmine and orange blossom, in coal tar, and in fecal matter. It is used in perfumery and in making tryptophan, an essential amino acid, and indoleacetic acid (heteroauxin), a hormone that promotes the development of roots in plant cuttings.

      Indole, first isolated in 1866, has the molecular formula C8H7N, and it is commonly synthesized from phenylhydrazine and pyruvic acid, although several other procedures have been discovered.

      In addition to tryptophan, indigo, and indoleacetic acid, numerous compounds obtainable from plant or animal sources contain the indole molecular structure. The best-known group of these compounds is the indole alkaloids, members of which have been isolated from plants representing more than 30 families. Psilocin, psilocybin, reserpine, and strychnine belong to this group.

      Indole is a colourless solid having a pleasant fragrance in highly dilute solutions. It melts at 52.5° C (126.5° F).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indole — Structure Général Synonymes 2,3 benzopyrrole ketole 1 benzazole …   Wikipédia en Français

  • indole — [ ɛ̃dɔl ] n. m. • 1873; de ind(igo) et lat. oleum « huile » ♦ Chim. Composé de formule C8H7N, faiblement basique, obtenu par distillation de l indigo, présent dans certaines essences de fleurs (jasmin, oranger), dans les matières intestinales, et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • índole — sustantivo femenino 1. Carácter de una persona: Es de índole tranquila. 2. Rasgo diferencial de una cosa: Sus dolencias son de índole intestinal. Su belleza es de índole mediterránea …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • indole — / indole/ s.f. [dal lat. indoles, comp. di indu (= in  ) e tema di alĕre alimentare ; propr., in origine, accrescimento ]. 1. [insieme di naturali inclinazioni che concorrono alla formazione del carattere individuale: una persona d i. mite,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Indole — In dole, Indol In dol([i^]n d[=o]l), n. [Indigo + ol of phenol.] (Chem., Physiol. Chem.) A white, crystalline substance, {C8H7N}, obtained from blue indigo, and almost all indigo derivatives, by a process of reduction; chemically, it is 2,3… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • indole — indole. См. индол. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • índole — s. f. 1. Propensão natural. 2. Caráter. 3. Tendência …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • índole — (Del lat. indŏles). 1. f. Condición e inclinación natural propia de cada persona. 2. Naturaleza, calidad y condición de las cosas …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • indole — [in′dōl΄] n. [< INDIGO + PHENOL] a white, crystalline compound, C8H7N, obtained from indigo and other sources and formed as a product of the intestinal putrefaction of proteins: it is used in perfumery, as a reagent, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Indole — Chembox new Name = Indole ImageFile = Indole chemical structure.png ImageSize = 280px ImageName = Chemical structure of indole IUPACName = Indole OtherNames = 2,3 Benzopyrrole, ketole, 1 benzazole Section1 = Chembox Identifiers SMILES = C1(NC=C2) …   Wikipedia

  • índole — (Del lat. indoles.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Modo de ser y de comportarse propio y natural de una persona. SINÓNIMO condición 2 Naturaleza y calidad de una cosa: ■ nuestro problema es de índole económica; se trata de una cuestión de índole… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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