/id"ee euhm/, n.
1. an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket or hang one's head, or from the general grammatical rules of a language, as the table round for the round table, and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics.
2. a language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people.
3. a construction or expression of one language whose parts correspond to elements in another language but whose total structure or meaning is not matched in the same way in the second language.
4. the peculiar character or genius of a language.
5. a distinct style or character, in music, art, etc.: the idiom of Bach.
[1565-75; < L idioma < Gk idíoma peculiarity, specific property equiv. to idio- (var. s. of idioûsthai to make one's own, appropriate, v. deriv. of idiós; see IDIO-) + -ma n. suffix of result]
Syn. 1. See phrase.

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  • Idiom — Id i*om ([i^]d [i^]*[u^]m), n. [F. idiome, L. idioma, fr. Gr. idi wma, fr. idioy^n to make a person s own, to make proper or peculiar; fr. i dios one s own, proper, peculiar; prob. akin to the reflexive pronoun o y^, o i^, e , and to eo s, o s,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • idiom — IDIÓM, idiomuri, s.n. Termen general care denumeşte o unitate lingvistică (limbă, dialect sau grai). [pr.: di om] – Din fr. idiome. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  IDIÓM s. v. dialect, grai, limbă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa …   Dicționar Român

  • Idiom — Sn Spracheigentümlichkeit, Phrase per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Über ml. idiōma entlehnt aus gr. idíōma Eigentümlichkeit , besonders sprachliche Eigentümlichkeit (Sprachausprägung oder Phrase); dieses zu gr. ídios eigen, selbst . In …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • idiom — idìōm m <G idióma> DEFINICIJA 1. lingv. a. svaki od entiteta jezika koji se ne želi označiti ni kao jezik, ni kao dijalekt, ni kao govor b. poseban i prepoznatljiv govor nekog kraja ili pojedinog govornika c. riječ ili izraz svojstven nekom …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • idiom — [id′ē əm] n. [< Fr & LL: Fr idiome < LL idioma < Gr idiōma, peculiarity, idiom < idios: see IDIO ] 1. the language or dialect of a people, region, class, etc. 2. the usual way in which the words of a particular language are joined… …   English World dictionary

  • idiom — in the context of language has two principal meanings: (1) the manner of expression that characterizes a language, and (2) a group of words that has a meaning not deducible from the individual words. The first can therefore be seen as the sum… …   Modern English usage

  • idiom — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż, D. u, Mc. idiommie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} wyrażenie lub zwrot językowy, którego nie należy rozumieć dosłownie, ponieważ jego znaczenie nie wynika ze znaczeń poszczególnych… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Idiom — (v. gr.), 1) Eigenthümlichkeit, bes. einer Sprache; 2) bestimmte Art des Ausdruckes; wozu auch die besondere Aussprache u. Ton, die Wörter u. ihre Bedeutung, die Wortfügung u. die ganze Verbindung der Rede gehören, z.B. I. der gebildeten Stände;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Idiōm — (griech.), »Eigentümlichkeit«, besonders einer Sprache oder einer Mundart, daher überhaupt soviel wie Sprache oder Mundart …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Idiom — Idiōm (grch., d.i. Eigentümlichkeit), eigentümliche Sprechweise, Mundart, Dialekt; Idiomăta, die Wesenseigentümlichkeiten der beiden Naturen Christi; idiomātisch, das I. betreffend, dazu gehörig …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Idiom — Idiom, Eigenthümlichkeit, charakteristische Besonderheit in der Aussprache: Mundart. B–l …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

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