/hyooh"meuhr euhs/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n., pl. humeri /-meuh ruy'/. Anat.1. the long bone in the arm of humans extending from the shoulder to the elbow. See diagrams under shoulder, skeleton.2. brachium.3. Zool. a corresponding bone, structure, or region in the forelimbs of other animals or in the wings of birds or insects.[1350-1400; ME < L (h)umerus shoulder; c. Gk ômos, Goth ams, Skt ámsas]
* * *▪ bonelong bone of the upper limb or forelimb of land vertebrates that forms the shoulder joint above, where it articulates with a lateral depression of the shoulder blade (glenoid cavity of scapula), and the elbow joint below, where it articulates with projections of the ulna and the radius.In humans the articular surface of the head of the humerus is hemispherical; two rounded projections below and to one side receive, from the scapula, muscles that rotate the arm. The shaft is triangular in cross section and roughened where muscles attach. The lower end of the humerus includes two smooth articular surfaces (capitulum and trochlea), two depressions (fossae) that form part of the elbow joint, and two projections (epicondyles). The capitulum laterally articulates with the radius; the trochlea, a spool-shaped surface, articulates with the ulna. The two depressions—the olecranon fossa, behind and above the trochlea, and the coronoid fossa, in front and above—receive projections of the ulna as the elbow is alternately straightened and flexed. The epicondyles, one on either side of the bone, provide attachment for muscles concerned with movements of the forearm and fingers.
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