HyperText Markup Language: a set of standards, a variety of SGML, used to tag the elements of a hypertext document, the standard for documents on the World Wide Web.

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in full HyperText Markup Language

Markup language derived from SGML that is used to prepare hypertext documents.

Relatively easy for nonprogrammers to master, HTML is the language used for documents on the World Wide Web. The text coding consists of commands contained in angle brackets <> that affect the display of elements such as titles, headings, text, font style, colour, and references to other documents, which can be interpreted by an Internet browser according to style rules.

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in full  hypertext markup language 

      a formatting system for displaying text, graphics, and audio retrieved over the Internet on a computer monitor. Each retrieval unit is known as a Web page (from World Wide Web), and such pages frequently contain hypertext links that allow related pages to be retrieved. HTML is the markup language for encoding Web pages. It was designed by the British scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee (Berners-Lee, Sir Tim) at the CERN nuclear physics laboratory in Switzerland during the 1980s and is defined by an SGML DTD (document type definition). HTML markup tags specify document elements such as headings, paragraphs, and tables. They mark up a document for display by a computer program known as a Web browser. The browser interprets the tags, displaying the headings, paragraphs, and tables in a layout that is adapted to the screen size and fonts available to it.

      HTML documents also contain anchors, which are tags that specify links to other Web pages. An anchor has the form Encyclopædia Britannica, where the quoted string is the URL (universal resource locator) to which the link points (the Web “address”) and the text following it is what appears in a Web browser, underlined to show that it is a link to another page. What is displayed as a single page may also be formed from multiple URLs, some containing text and others graphics.

David Hemmendinger

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Universalium. 2010.

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