hospice

hospice
/hos"pis/, n.
1. a house of shelter or rest for pilgrims, strangers, etc., esp. one kept by a religious order.
2. Med.
a. a health-care facility for the terminally ill that emphasizes pain control and emotional support for the patient and family, typically refraining from taking extraordinary measures to prolong life.
b. a similar program of care and support for the terminally ill at home.
[1810-20; < F < L hospitium HOSPITIUM]

* * *

Home or hospital for relieving physical and emotional suffering of dying persons.

In patients expected to live only months or weeks, hospice care offers an alternative to aggressive life-prolonging measures, which often only increase discomfort and isolation. Hospices provide a sympathetic environment in which prevention (not just control) of physical pain has top priority, along with patients' emotional and spiritual needs. Care may be provided in a health facility, on an outpatient basis, or at home.

* * *

      a home or hospital established to relieve the physical and emotional suffering of the dying. The term hospice dates back to the European Middle Ages, when it denoted places of charitable refuge offering rest and refreshment to pilgrims and travelers. Such homes were often provided by monastic orders; the most famous of them, the hospice of St. Bernard, still functions as a shelter for travelers passing over the Pennine Alps.

      Although special hospitals for the terminally ill had existed prior to the 20th century, it was not until after World War II that recognition of the special needs of the dying led to the modern hospice movement. Cicely Saunders, one of the initiators of the movement and the founder of St. Christopher's Hospice, London (1967), and other health professionals recognized that many established procedures of modern medical care could be inappropriate when applied to those who are dying. The aggressive life-prolonging measures routinely taken in intensive-care units often only increased the discomfort and isolation of terminally ill patients and deprived them of the opportunity to die in a peaceful and dignified fashion. In response to the absence in the medical system of provisions for the supportive care of this class of patients, the modern hospice was developed.

      The hospice functions as a sympathetic and reassuring environment dedicated to making the last days of the dying as pleasant as possible. The prevention of physical pain is the first priority, and analgesics, tranquilizers, and physical therapy are used to alleviate physical suffering. Hospices emphasize the prevention, rather than the mere control, of pain through vigilant monitoring and by the tailoring of drugs and their dosages to patients' individual needs. Patients in hospices receive moral support from loved ones as well as the staff itself, and a variety of measures are used to further their emotional and spiritual well-being.

      Patients are usually admitted to a hospice on referral by a physician after a prognosis for survival of only months or weeks. Care may be provided completely within a health facility, on an outpatient basis, or at home.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HOSPICE — Établissements charitables fondés pour «héberger les povres du Christ». Pendant longtemps on ne put les distinguer des hôpitaux; mais l’institution des hôtels Dieu à la fin du Moyen Âge leur permit un début de spécialisation. Certes, aucune… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hospice — • During the early centuries of Christianity the hospice was a shelter for the sick, the poor, the orphans, the old, the travellers and the needy of every kind Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hospice     Hospice …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hospice — Álbum de The Antlers Publicación 18 de agosto de 2009 Grabación Watcher s Woods, Brooklyn, EEUU; (Julio 2007 Agosto 2008 ) Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hospice — Studioalbum von The Antlers Veröffentlichung 18. August 2009 (USA) Oktober 2009 (Europa) Label Frenchkiss Records …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hospice — Hospice. s. m. (L S se prononce.) Maison destinée à retirer les Religieux qui passent d un Convent à un autre. Il y a à Lusarche un hospice pour les Religieux de Piquepuce. Il signifie aussi, Une maison bastie dans une grande ville, pour y… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • hospice — 1818, rest house for travelers, from Fr. hospice (13c.), from L. hospitium guest house, hospitality, from hospes (gen. hospitis) guest, host (see HOST (Cf. host) (1)). Sense of home for the aged and terminally ill is from 1893; hospice movement… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hospice — Hos pice, n. [F., fr. L. hospitium hospitality, a place where strangers are entertained, fr. hospes stranger, guest. See {Host} a landlord.] A convent or monastery which is also a place of refuge or entertainment for travelers on some difficult… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hospice — C est en Martinique que le nom est le plus répandu, mais on le rencontre aussi en Gironde et en Saône et Loire. En Bourgogne, il suffit de penser aux Hospices de Beaune pour comprendre qu il s agit d un hôpital des pauvres (surnom donné à celui… …   Noms de famille

  • hospice — ► NOUN 1) a home providing care for the sick or terminally ill. 2) archaic a lodging for travellers, especially one run by a religious order. ORIGIN French, from Latin hospitium, from hospes host …   English terms dictionary

  • hospice — [häs′pis] n. [Fr < L hospitium, hospitality, inn, lodging < hospes, host, guest < * hostipots < hostis, stranger, enemy < IE base * ghostis, stranger, guest (> GUEST, OSlav gospodi) + * potis, master: see DESPOT] 1. a place of… …   English World dictionary

  • Hospice — This article is about the institution for palliative care. For other uses, see Hospice (disambiguation). Bradbury Hospice, the first dedicated hospice in Hong Kong Hospice is a type of care and a philosophy of care that focuses on the palliation… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”